Comprehensive analysis and differentiated assessment of food safety control systems: a diagnostic instrument

P.A. Luning, L. Bango, J. Kussaga, J. Rovira, W.J. Marcelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

94 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, an instrument is presented to diagnose microbial safety control activities in a food safety management system. The need of such a tool is derived from the importance of microbial safety control and the need for improvement of existing control systems. Careful diagnosis of these systems provides the basis for their improvement. The diagnostic instrument provides a comprehensive checklist of crucial control activities, addressing major technology-dependent and managerial activities in design and operation of preventive measures, intervention processes, and monitoring systems. Secondly, it provides detailed grids describing three levels of execution for each safety control activity to enable a differentiated assessment of ones food safety control system situation. The basic assumption underlying the diagnostic instrument is that activities on a higher level are more predictable and better able to achieve a desired safety outcome, due to more insight in underlying mechanisms and more accurate information. Finally, we discuss that using the instrument may contribute in finding effective types and levels of control activities within given contextual dependencies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-534
JournalTrends in Food Science and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • critical control point
  • techno-managerial approach
  • hazard analysis
  • haccp system
  • listeria-monocytogenes
  • quality management
  • catering establishments
  • processing equipment
  • foodborne pathogens
  • conceptual-model


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