Compost in plant microbial fuel cell for bioelectricity generation

M.A. Moqsud, J. Yoshitake, Q.S. Bushra, M. Hyodo, K. Omine, D.P.B.T.B. Strik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recycling of organic waste is an important topic in developing countries as well as developed countries. Compost from organic waste has been used for soil conditioner. In this study, an experiment has been carried out to produce green energy (bioelectricity) by using paddy plant microbial fuel cells (PMFCs) in soil mixed with compost. A total of six buckets filled with the same soil were used with carbon fiber as the electrodes for the test. Rice plants were planted in five of the buckets, with the sixth bucket containing only soil and an external resistance of 100 ohm was used for all cases. It was observed that the cells with rice plants and compost showed higher values of voltage and power density with time. The highest value of voltage showed around 700 mV when a rice plant with 1% compost mixed soil was used, however it was more than 95% less in the case of no rice plant and without compost. Comparing cases with and without compost but with the same number of rice plants, cases with compost depicted higher voltage to as much as 2 times. The power density was also 3 times higher when the compost was used in the paddy PMFCs which indicated the influence of compost on bio-electricity generation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
JournalWaste Management
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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