Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe

Vivian A. Felde*, Suzette G.A. Flantua, Cathy R. Jenks, Blas M. Benito, Jacques Louis de Beaulieu, Petr Kuneš, Donatella Magri, Dorota Nalepka, Bjørg Risebrobakken, Cajo J.F. ter Braak, Judy R.M. Allen, Wojciech Granoszewski, Karin F. Helmens, Brian Huntley, Ona Kondratienė, Laimdota Kalniņa, Mirosława Kupryjanowicz, Małgorzata Malkiewicz, Alice M. Milner, Małgorzata Nita & 8 others Bożena Noryśkiewicz, Irena A. Pidek, Maurice Reille, Sakari Salonen, Vaida Šeirienė, Hanna Winter, Polychronis C. Tzedakis, John B. Birks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The Eemian interglacial represents a natural experiment on how past vegetation with negligible human impact responded to amplified temperature changes compared to the Holocene. Here, we assemble 47 carefully selected Eemian pollen sequences from Europe to explore geographical patterns of (1) total compositional turnover and total variation for each sequence and (2) stratigraphical turnover between samples within each sequence using detrended canonical correspondence analysis, multivariate regression trees, and principal curves. Our synthesis shows that turnover and variation are highest in central Europe (47–55°N), low in southern Europe (south of 45°N), and lowest in the north (above 60°N). These results provide a basis for developing hypotheses about causes of vegetation change during the Eemian and their possible drivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-109
Number of pages9
JournalVegetation History and Archaeobotany
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Eemian
turnover
pollen
vegetation
Southern European region
Central European region
anthropogenic activities
correspondence analysis
anthropogenic effect
interglacial
synthesis
Holocene
temperature
sampling
Europe
Pollen
Turnover
experiment
Vegetation
sequence diversity

Keywords

  • Detrended canonical correspondence analysis
  • Extrinsic and intrinsic processes
  • Inertia
  • Last interglacial dataset
  • Multivariate regression trees
  • Neutral processes
  • Principal curves

Cite this

Felde, V. A., Flantua, S. G. A., Jenks, C. R., Benito, B. M., de Beaulieu, J. L., Kuneš, P., ... Birks, J. B. (2020). Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 29(1), 101-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-019-00726-5
Felde, Vivian A. ; Flantua, Suzette G.A. ; Jenks, Cathy R. ; Benito, Blas M. ; de Beaulieu, Jacques Louis ; Kuneš, Petr ; Magri, Donatella ; Nalepka, Dorota ; Risebrobakken, Bjørg ; ter Braak, Cajo J.F. ; Allen, Judy R.M. ; Granoszewski, Wojciech ; Helmens, Karin F. ; Huntley, Brian ; Kondratienė, Ona ; Kalniņa, Laimdota ; Kupryjanowicz, Mirosława ; Malkiewicz, Małgorzata ; Milner, Alice M. ; Nita, Małgorzata ; Noryśkiewicz, Bożena ; Pidek, Irena A. ; Reille, Maurice ; Salonen, Sakari ; Šeirienė, Vaida ; Winter, Hanna ; Tzedakis, Polychronis C. ; Birks, John B. / Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe. In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 2020 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 101-109.
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abstract = "The Eemian interglacial represents a natural experiment on how past vegetation with negligible human impact responded to amplified temperature changes compared to the Holocene. Here, we assemble 47 carefully selected Eemian pollen sequences from Europe to explore geographical patterns of (1) total compositional turnover and total variation for each sequence and (2) stratigraphical turnover between samples within each sequence using detrended canonical correspondence analysis, multivariate regression trees, and principal curves. Our synthesis shows that turnover and variation are highest in central Europe (47–55°N), low in southern Europe (south of 45°N), and lowest in the north (above 60°N). These results provide a basis for developing hypotheses about causes of vegetation change during the Eemian and their possible drivers.",
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Felde, VA, Flantua, SGA, Jenks, CR, Benito, BM, de Beaulieu, JL, Kuneš, P, Magri, D, Nalepka, D, Risebrobakken, B, ter Braak, CJF, Allen, JRM, Granoszewski, W, Helmens, KF, Huntley, B, Kondratienė, O, Kalniņa, L, Kupryjanowicz, M, Malkiewicz, M, Milner, AM, Nita, M, Noryśkiewicz, B, Pidek, IA, Reille, M, Salonen, S, Šeirienė, V, Winter, H, Tzedakis, PC & Birks, JB 2020, 'Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe', Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 101-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-019-00726-5

Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe. / Felde, Vivian A.; Flantua, Suzette G.A.; Jenks, Cathy R.; Benito, Blas M.; de Beaulieu, Jacques Louis; Kuneš, Petr; Magri, Donatella; Nalepka, Dorota; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; ter Braak, Cajo J.F.; Allen, Judy R.M.; Granoszewski, Wojciech; Helmens, Karin F.; Huntley, Brian; Kondratienė, Ona; Kalniņa, Laimdota; Kupryjanowicz, Mirosława; Malkiewicz, Małgorzata; Milner, Alice M.; Nita, Małgorzata; Noryśkiewicz, Bożena; Pidek, Irena A.; Reille, Maurice; Salonen, Sakari; Šeirienė, Vaida; Winter, Hanna; Tzedakis, Polychronis C.; Birks, John B.

In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.2020, p. 101-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe

AU - Felde, Vivian A.

AU - Flantua, Suzette G.A.

AU - Jenks, Cathy R.

AU - Benito, Blas M.

AU - de Beaulieu, Jacques Louis

AU - Kuneš, Petr

AU - Magri, Donatella

AU - Nalepka, Dorota

AU - Risebrobakken, Bjørg

AU - ter Braak, Cajo J.F.

AU - Allen, Judy R.M.

AU - Granoszewski, Wojciech

AU - Helmens, Karin F.

AU - Huntley, Brian

AU - Kondratienė, Ona

AU - Kalniņa, Laimdota

AU - Kupryjanowicz, Mirosława

AU - Malkiewicz, Małgorzata

AU - Milner, Alice M.

AU - Nita, Małgorzata

AU - Noryśkiewicz, Bożena

AU - Pidek, Irena A.

AU - Reille, Maurice

AU - Salonen, Sakari

AU - Šeirienė, Vaida

AU - Winter, Hanna

AU - Tzedakis, Polychronis C.

AU - Birks, John B.

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - The Eemian interglacial represents a natural experiment on how past vegetation with negligible human impact responded to amplified temperature changes compared to the Holocene. Here, we assemble 47 carefully selected Eemian pollen sequences from Europe to explore geographical patterns of (1) total compositional turnover and total variation for each sequence and (2) stratigraphical turnover between samples within each sequence using detrended canonical correspondence analysis, multivariate regression trees, and principal curves. Our synthesis shows that turnover and variation are highest in central Europe (47–55°N), low in southern Europe (south of 45°N), and lowest in the north (above 60°N). These results provide a basis for developing hypotheses about causes of vegetation change during the Eemian and their possible drivers.

AB - The Eemian interglacial represents a natural experiment on how past vegetation with negligible human impact responded to amplified temperature changes compared to the Holocene. Here, we assemble 47 carefully selected Eemian pollen sequences from Europe to explore geographical patterns of (1) total compositional turnover and total variation for each sequence and (2) stratigraphical turnover between samples within each sequence using detrended canonical correspondence analysis, multivariate regression trees, and principal curves. Our synthesis shows that turnover and variation are highest in central Europe (47–55°N), low in southern Europe (south of 45°N), and lowest in the north (above 60°N). These results provide a basis for developing hypotheses about causes of vegetation change during the Eemian and their possible drivers.

KW - Detrended canonical correspondence analysis

KW - Extrinsic and intrinsic processes

KW - Inertia

KW - Last interglacial dataset

KW - Multivariate regression trees

KW - Neutral processes

KW - Principal curves

U2 - 10.1007/s00334-019-00726-5

DO - 10.1007/s00334-019-00726-5

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 101

EP - 109

JO - Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

JF - Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

SN - 0939-6314

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ER -

Felde VA, Flantua SGA, Jenks CR, Benito BM, de Beaulieu JL, Kuneš P et al. Compositional turnover and variation in Eemian pollen sequences in Europe. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany. 2020 Jan;29(1):101-109. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-019-00726-5