Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change

Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert*, Timothy R. Baker, Kyle G. Dexter, Simon L. Lewis, Roel J.W. Brienen, Ted R. Feldpausch, Jon Lloyd, Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza, Luzmila Arroyo, Esteban Álvarez-Dávila, Niro Higuchi, Beatriz S. Marimon, Ben Hur Marimon-Junior, Marcos Silveira, Emilio Vilanova, Emanuel Gloor, Yadvinder Malhi, Jerôme Chave, Jos Barlow, Damien Bonal & 30 others Nallaret Davila Cardozo, Terry Erwin, Sophie Fauset, Bruno Hérault, Susan Laurance, Lourens Poorter, Lan Qie, Clement Stahl, Martin J.P. Sullivan, Hans ter Steege, Vincent Antoine Vos, Pieter A. Zuidema, Everton Almeida, Edmar Almeida de Oliveira, Ana Andrade, Simone Aparecida Vieira, Luiz Aragão, Alejandro Araujo-Murakami, Eric Arets, Gerardo A. Aymard C, Christopher Baraloto, Plínio Barbosa Camargo, Jorcely G. Barroso, Frans Bongers, Rene Boot, José Luís Camargo, Wendeson Castro, Victor Chama Moscoso, James Comiskey, Marielos Peña-Claros

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most of the planet's diversity is concentrated in the tropics, which includes many regions undergoing rapid climate change. Yet, while climate-induced biodiversity changes are widely documented elsewhere, few studies have addressed this issue for lowland tropical ecosystems. Here we investigate whether the floristic and functional composition of intact lowland Amazonian forests have been changing by evaluating records from 106 long-term inventory plots spanning 30 years. We analyse three traits that have been hypothesized to respond to different environmental drivers (increase in moisture stress and atmospheric CO2 concentrations): maximum tree size, biogeographic water-deficit affiliation and wood density. Tree communities have become increasingly dominated by large-statured taxa, but to date there has been no detectable change in mean wood density or water deficit affiliation at the community level, despite most forest plots having experienced an intensification of the dry season. However, among newly recruited trees, dry-affiliated genera have become more abundant, while the mortality of wet-affiliated genera has increased in those plots where the dry season has intensified most. Thus, a slow shift to a more dry-affiliated Amazonia is underway, with changes in compositional dynamics (recruits and mortality) consistent with climate-change drivers, but yet to significantly impact whole-community composition. The Amazon observational record suggests that the increase in atmospheric CO2 is driving a shift within tree communities to large-statured species and that climate changes to date will impact forest composition, but long generation times of tropical trees mean that biodiversity change is lagging behind climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-56
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Climate change
climate change
Biodiversity
Wood
Chemical analysis
dry season
Tropics
Water
biodiversity
Planets
mortality
Ecosystems
generation time
Moisture
floristics
community composition
planet
moisture
water
climate

Keywords

  • bioclimatic niches
  • climate change
  • compositional shifts
  • functional traits
  • temporal trends
  • tropical forests

Cite this

Esquivel-Muelbert, A., Baker, T. R., Dexter, K. G., Lewis, S. L., Brienen, R. J. W., Feldpausch, T. R., ... Peña-Claros, M. (2019). Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change. Global Change Biology, 25(1), 39-56. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14413
Esquivel-Muelbert, Adriane ; Baker, Timothy R. ; Dexter, Kyle G. ; Lewis, Simon L. ; Brienen, Roel J.W. ; Feldpausch, Ted R. ; Lloyd, Jon ; Monteagudo-Mendoza, Abel ; Arroyo, Luzmila ; Álvarez-Dávila, Esteban ; Higuchi, Niro ; Marimon, Beatriz S. ; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur ; Silveira, Marcos ; Vilanova, Emilio ; Gloor, Emanuel ; Malhi, Yadvinder ; Chave, Jerôme ; Barlow, Jos ; Bonal, Damien ; Davila Cardozo, Nallaret ; Erwin, Terry ; Fauset, Sophie ; Hérault, Bruno ; Laurance, Susan ; Poorter, Lourens ; Qie, Lan ; Stahl, Clement ; Sullivan, Martin J.P. ; ter Steege, Hans ; Vos, Vincent Antoine ; Zuidema, Pieter A. ; Almeida, Everton ; Almeida de Oliveira, Edmar ; Andrade, Ana ; Vieira, Simone Aparecida ; Aragão, Luiz ; Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro ; Arets, Eric ; Aymard C, Gerardo A. ; Baraloto, Christopher ; Camargo, Plínio Barbosa ; Barroso, Jorcely G. ; Bongers, Frans ; Boot, Rene ; Camargo, José Luís ; Castro, Wendeson ; Chama Moscoso, Victor ; Comiskey, James ; Peña-Claros, Marielos. / Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change. In: Global Change Biology. 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 1. pp. 39-56.
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abstract = "Most of the planet's diversity is concentrated in the tropics, which includes many regions undergoing rapid climate change. Yet, while climate-induced biodiversity changes are widely documented elsewhere, few studies have addressed this issue for lowland tropical ecosystems. Here we investigate whether the floristic and functional composition of intact lowland Amazonian forests have been changing by evaluating records from 106 long-term inventory plots spanning 30 years. We analyse three traits that have been hypothesized to respond to different environmental drivers (increase in moisture stress and atmospheric CO2 concentrations): maximum tree size, biogeographic water-deficit affiliation and wood density. Tree communities have become increasingly dominated by large-statured taxa, but to date there has been no detectable change in mean wood density or water deficit affiliation at the community level, despite most forest plots having experienced an intensification of the dry season. However, among newly recruited trees, dry-affiliated genera have become more abundant, while the mortality of wet-affiliated genera has increased in those plots where the dry season has intensified most. Thus, a slow shift to a more dry-affiliated Amazonia is underway, with changes in compositional dynamics (recruits and mortality) consistent with climate-change drivers, but yet to significantly impact whole-community composition. The Amazon observational record suggests that the increase in atmospheric CO2 is driving a shift within tree communities to large-statured species and that climate changes to date will impact forest composition, but long generation times of tropical trees mean that biodiversity change is lagging behind climate change.",
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author = "Adriane Esquivel-Muelbert and Baker, {Timothy R.} and Dexter, {Kyle G.} and Lewis, {Simon L.} and Brienen, {Roel J.W.} and Feldpausch, {Ted R.} and Jon Lloyd and Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza and Luzmila Arroyo and Esteban {\'A}lvarez-D{\'a}vila and Niro Higuchi and Marimon, {Beatriz S.} and Marimon-Junior, {Ben Hur} and Marcos Silveira and Emilio Vilanova and Emanuel Gloor and Yadvinder Malhi and Jer{\^o}me Chave and Jos Barlow and Damien Bonal and {Davila Cardozo}, Nallaret and Terry Erwin and Sophie Fauset and Bruno H{\'e}rault and Susan Laurance and Lourens Poorter and Lan Qie and Clement Stahl and Sullivan, {Martin J.P.} and {ter Steege}, Hans and Vos, {Vincent Antoine} and Zuidema, {Pieter A.} and Everton Almeida and {Almeida de Oliveira}, Edmar and Ana Andrade and Vieira, {Simone Aparecida} and Luiz Arag{\~a}o and Alejandro Araujo-Murakami and Eric Arets and {Aymard C}, {Gerardo A.} and Christopher Baraloto and Camargo, {Pl{\'i}nio Barbosa} and Barroso, {Jorcely G.} and Frans Bongers and Rene Boot and Camargo, {Jos{\'e} Lu{\'i}s} and Wendeson Castro and {Chama Moscoso}, Victor and James Comiskey and Marielos Pe{\~n}a-Claros",
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Esquivel-Muelbert, A, Baker, TR, Dexter, KG, Lewis, SL, Brienen, RJW, Feldpausch, TR, Lloyd, J, Monteagudo-Mendoza, A, Arroyo, L, Álvarez-Dávila, E, Higuchi, N, Marimon, BS, Marimon-Junior, BH, Silveira, M, Vilanova, E, Gloor, E, Malhi, Y, Chave, J, Barlow, J, Bonal, D, Davila Cardozo, N, Erwin, T, Fauset, S, Hérault, B, Laurance, S, Poorter, L, Qie, L, Stahl, C, Sullivan, MJP, ter Steege, H, Vos, VA, Zuidema, PA, Almeida, E, Almeida de Oliveira, E, Andrade, A, Vieira, SA, Aragão, L, Araujo-Murakami, A, Arets, E, Aymard C, GA, Baraloto, C, Camargo, PB, Barroso, JG, Bongers, F, Boot, R, Camargo, JL, Castro, W, Chama Moscoso, V, Comiskey, J & Peña-Claros, M 2019, 'Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change', Global Change Biology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 39-56. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14413

Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change. / Esquivel-Muelbert, Adriane; Baker, Timothy R.; Dexter, Kyle G.; Lewis, Simon L.; Brienen, Roel J.W.; Feldpausch, Ted R.; Lloyd, Jon; Monteagudo-Mendoza, Abel; Arroyo, Luzmila; Álvarez-Dávila, Esteban; Higuchi, Niro; Marimon, Beatriz S.; Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur; Silveira, Marcos; Vilanova, Emilio; Gloor, Emanuel; Malhi, Yadvinder; Chave, Jerôme; Barlow, Jos; Bonal, Damien; Davila Cardozo, Nallaret; Erwin, Terry; Fauset, Sophie; Hérault, Bruno; Laurance, Susan; Poorter, Lourens; Qie, Lan; Stahl, Clement; Sullivan, Martin J.P.; ter Steege, Hans; Vos, Vincent Antoine; Zuidema, Pieter A.; Almeida, Everton; Almeida de Oliveira, Edmar; Andrade, Ana; Vieira, Simone Aparecida; Aragão, Luiz; Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro; Arets, Eric; Aymard C, Gerardo A.; Baraloto, Christopher; Camargo, Plínio Barbosa; Barroso, Jorcely G.; Bongers, Frans; Boot, Rene; Camargo, José Luís; Castro, Wendeson; Chama Moscoso, Victor; Comiskey, James; Peña-Claros, Marielos.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 25, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 39-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change

AU - Esquivel-Muelbert, Adriane

AU - Baker, Timothy R.

AU - Dexter, Kyle G.

AU - Lewis, Simon L.

AU - Brienen, Roel J.W.

AU - Feldpausch, Ted R.

AU - Lloyd, Jon

AU - Monteagudo-Mendoza, Abel

AU - Arroyo, Luzmila

AU - Álvarez-Dávila, Esteban

AU - Higuchi, Niro

AU - Marimon, Beatriz S.

AU - Marimon-Junior, Ben Hur

AU - Silveira, Marcos

AU - Vilanova, Emilio

AU - Gloor, Emanuel

AU - Malhi, Yadvinder

AU - Chave, Jerôme

AU - Barlow, Jos

AU - Bonal, Damien

AU - Davila Cardozo, Nallaret

AU - Erwin, Terry

AU - Fauset, Sophie

AU - Hérault, Bruno

AU - Laurance, Susan

AU - Poorter, Lourens

AU - Qie, Lan

AU - Stahl, Clement

AU - Sullivan, Martin J.P.

AU - ter Steege, Hans

AU - Vos, Vincent Antoine

AU - Zuidema, Pieter A.

AU - Almeida, Everton

AU - Almeida de Oliveira, Edmar

AU - Andrade, Ana

AU - Vieira, Simone Aparecida

AU - Aragão, Luiz

AU - Araujo-Murakami, Alejandro

AU - Arets, Eric

AU - Aymard C, Gerardo A.

AU - Baraloto, Christopher

AU - Camargo, Plínio Barbosa

AU - Barroso, Jorcely G.

AU - Bongers, Frans

AU - Boot, Rene

AU - Camargo, José Luís

AU - Castro, Wendeson

AU - Chama Moscoso, Victor

AU - Comiskey, James

AU - Peña-Claros, Marielos

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Most of the planet's diversity is concentrated in the tropics, which includes many regions undergoing rapid climate change. Yet, while climate-induced biodiversity changes are widely documented elsewhere, few studies have addressed this issue for lowland tropical ecosystems. Here we investigate whether the floristic and functional composition of intact lowland Amazonian forests have been changing by evaluating records from 106 long-term inventory plots spanning 30 years. We analyse three traits that have been hypothesized to respond to different environmental drivers (increase in moisture stress and atmospheric CO2 concentrations): maximum tree size, biogeographic water-deficit affiliation and wood density. Tree communities have become increasingly dominated by large-statured taxa, but to date there has been no detectable change in mean wood density or water deficit affiliation at the community level, despite most forest plots having experienced an intensification of the dry season. However, among newly recruited trees, dry-affiliated genera have become more abundant, while the mortality of wet-affiliated genera has increased in those plots where the dry season has intensified most. Thus, a slow shift to a more dry-affiliated Amazonia is underway, with changes in compositional dynamics (recruits and mortality) consistent with climate-change drivers, but yet to significantly impact whole-community composition. The Amazon observational record suggests that the increase in atmospheric CO2 is driving a shift within tree communities to large-statured species and that climate changes to date will impact forest composition, but long generation times of tropical trees mean that biodiversity change is lagging behind climate change.

AB - Most of the planet's diversity is concentrated in the tropics, which includes many regions undergoing rapid climate change. Yet, while climate-induced biodiversity changes are widely documented elsewhere, few studies have addressed this issue for lowland tropical ecosystems. Here we investigate whether the floristic and functional composition of intact lowland Amazonian forests have been changing by evaluating records from 106 long-term inventory plots spanning 30 years. We analyse three traits that have been hypothesized to respond to different environmental drivers (increase in moisture stress and atmospheric CO2 concentrations): maximum tree size, biogeographic water-deficit affiliation and wood density. Tree communities have become increasingly dominated by large-statured taxa, but to date there has been no detectable change in mean wood density or water deficit affiliation at the community level, despite most forest plots having experienced an intensification of the dry season. However, among newly recruited trees, dry-affiliated genera have become more abundant, while the mortality of wet-affiliated genera has increased in those plots where the dry season has intensified most. Thus, a slow shift to a more dry-affiliated Amazonia is underway, with changes in compositional dynamics (recruits and mortality) consistent with climate-change drivers, but yet to significantly impact whole-community composition. The Amazon observational record suggests that the increase in atmospheric CO2 is driving a shift within tree communities to large-statured species and that climate changes to date will impact forest composition, but long generation times of tropical trees mean that biodiversity change is lagging behind climate change.

KW - bioclimatic niches

KW - climate change

KW - compositional shifts

KW - functional traits

KW - temporal trends

KW - tropical forests

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.14413

DO - 10.1111/gcb.14413

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 39

EP - 56

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 1

ER -

Esquivel-Muelbert A, Baker TR, Dexter KG, Lewis SL, Brienen RJW, Feldpausch TR et al. Compositional response of Amazon forests to climate change. Global Change Biology. 2019 Jan;25(1):39-56. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14413