Complementing scale experiments of rivers and estuaries with numerically modelled hydrodynamics

Steven A.H. Weisscher*, Marcio Boechat-Albernaz, Jasper R.F.W. Leuven, Wout M. Van Dijk, Yasuyuki Shimizu, Maarten G. Kleinhans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Physical scale experiments enhance our understanding of fluvial, tidal and coastal processes. However, it has proven challenging to acquire accurate and continuous data on water depth and flow velocity due to limitations of the measuring equipment and necessary simplifications during post-processing. A novel means to augment measurements is to numerically model flow over the experimental digital elevation models. We investigated to what extent the numerical hydrodynamic model Nays2D can reproduce unsteady, nonuniform shallow flow in scale experiments and under which conditions a model is preferred to measurements. To this end, we tested Nays2D for one tidal and two fluvial scale experiments and extended Nays2D to allow for flume tilting, which is necessary to steer tidal flow. The modelled water depth and flow velocity closely resembled the measured data for locations where the quality of the measured data was most reliable, and model results may be improved by applying a spatially varying roughness. The implication of the experimental data-model integration is that conducting experiments requires fewer measurements and less post-processing in a simple, affordable and labour-inexpensive manner that results in continuous spatio-temporal data of better overall quality. Also, this integration will aid experimental design.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)955-972
Number of pages18
JournalEarth Surface Dynamics
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2020

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