Companies in the European Union egg sector have to comply with European legislation on animal welfare, food safety and environmental protection. Whereas the legislation aims to guarantee a high quality poultry production, it also confronts the sector with extra costs. Countries outside the EU do not have the same extensive legislation. This report presents the results of a study on the competitiveness of the EU egg sector. The production costs for eggs and egg products are calculated for several EU and non-EU countries. Different scenarios are outlined to illustrate the impact of changes in import levies and exchange rates.