Competing claims on land for food and biodiversity; Drivers, impacts and responses

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Abstract

This document consists of two papers that address the issue of competition on land for food and biodiver-sity. The increasing world population and the overall rising global wealth call for an increasing demand for food and energy. Agricultural production has to increase to feed present and future generations, but also with sufficient energy, fibre and ecosystem services such as clean water and air, next to biodiversity and recreation. Biodiversity, referring to the diversity of all forms of life within an ecosystem, biome or of plan-et Earth, is also an important source of food security: over 1 billion people rely on forest products for food and income, and forest products provide an important safety net as harvests of agricultural commodities fall short. The two brief essays were initiated by the Ministry of EL&I (Directorate Nature and Environment) responsible for the implementation of the EU biodiversity strategy, but also accountable for preventing the possible trade-off between biodiversity protection and food security
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationThe Hague
PublisherLEI, part of Wageningen UR
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameMemorandum / LEI Wageningen UR : Research area International policy
PublisherLEI, part of Wageningen UR

Keywords

  • land use
  • food production
  • biodiversity
  • ecosystem services
  • inventories
  • world

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  • Cite this

    van Berkum, S., Arets, E. J. M. M., & Bezlepkina, I. (2012). Competing claims on land for food and biodiversity; Drivers, impacts and responses. (Memorandum / LEI Wageningen UR : Research area International policy). The Hague: LEI, part of Wageningen UR.