Comparison of the methylglyoxal scavenging effects of kaempferol and glutathione and the consequences for the toxicity of methylglyoxal in SH-SY5Y cells

Liang Zheng*, Wouter Bakker, Ignacio Miro Estruch, Frances Widjaja, Ivonne M.C.M. Rietjens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to characterize the methylglyoxal (MGO) scavenging capacity of glutathione (GSH) and kaempferol in more detail with special emphasis on the possible reversible nature of the adduct formation and their competition for MGO, and the safety consequences of their MGO-scavenging effects. GSH showed immediate and concentration-dependent MGO-scavenging effects, while the scavenging effects by kaempferol appeared concentration- but also time-dependent, with stable adducts formed over time. The GSH adduct gradually disappeared in a competition reaction with kaempferol, and kaempferol became the preferred scavenger over time. Furthermore, the scavenging of MGO by kaempferol provided better protection than GSH against extracellular MGO in SH-SY5Y cells. It is concluded that flavonoids like kaempferol provide better scavengers for food-borne MGO than thiol-based scavengers such as GSH, while, given the endogenous concentrations of both scavengers and the detoxification of the GSH-MGO adduct by the glyoxalase system, GSH will be dominant for intracellular MGO protection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100920
JournalFood Chemistry: X
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Adduct formation
  • Cytotoxicity
  • Glutathione
  • Kaempferol
  • Methylglyoxal

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