Comparison of the exomes of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and zebrafish (Danio rerio)

C.V. Henkel, R.P. Dirks, H.J. Jansen, M. Forlenza, G.F. Wiegertjes, K. Howe, G.E. van den Thillart, H.P. Spaink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

67 Citations (Scopus)


Research on common carp, Cyprinus carpio, is beneficial for zebrafish research because of resources available owing to its large body size, such as the availability of sufficient organ material for transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. Here we describe the shot gun sequencing of a clonal double-haploid common carp line. The assembly consists of 511891 scaffolds with an N50 of 17¿kb, predicting a total genome size of 1.4–1.5¿Gb. A detailed analysis of the ten largest scaffolds indicates that the carp genome has a considerably lower repeat coverage than zebrafish, whilst the average intron size is significantly smaller, making it comparable to the fugu genome. The quality of the scaffolding was confirmed by comparisons with RNA deep sequencing data sets and a manual analysis for synteny with the zebrafish, especially the Hox gene clusters. In the ten largest scaffolds analyzed, the synteny of genes is almost complete. Comparisons of predicted exons of common carp with those of the zebrafish revealed only few genes specific for either zebrafish or carp, most of these being of unknown function. This supports the hypothesis of an additional genome duplication event in the carp evolutionary history, which—due to a higher degree of compactness—did not result in a genome larger than that of zebrafish.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • transcriptome analysis
  • genetic-variability
  • antibody-production
  • nitrosative stress
  • dna-sequences
  • genome
  • fish
  • macrophages
  • lines
  • microsatellite


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