Comparison of strontium retardation for kaolinite, illite, vermiculite and allophane

Zigong Ning*, Munehide Ishiguro, Luuk K. Koopal, Tsutomu Sato, J. Kashiwagi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adsorption and retardation of Sr2+ by four clays were investigated, which were evaluated by using the distribution coefficient (KD) and average penetration length ratio of Sr2+ to water (r). KD values for Sr2+ among the four clay minerals were in the order: kaolinite < illite < vermiculite ≪ allophane, and Sr2+ penetration length ratio (r) followed the inverse order. Adsorption was further analyzed by using Langmuir adsorption model for competitive Sr2+ and Na+ adsorption at constant NaCl concentration. Conditional affinity constants suggested that Sr2+ adsorption on the variable charge sites of clay edges contributed to the high conditional Sr2+ affinities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-419
JournalJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Volume317
Issue number1
Early online date21 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Clay minerals
  • Competitive adsorption
  • Distribution coefficient
  • Penetration length ratio
  • Strontium

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