Comparison of growth, milk yield and draughtability of Murrah-Philippine crossbred and Philippine native buffaloes

R.C.S. Salas, T. van der Lende, H.M.J. Udo, F.V. Mamuad, E.P. Garillo, L.C. Cruz

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Abstract

Data collected between 1981 and 1991 at the Philippine Carabao Center at Central Luzon State University (PCC-CLSU) were used for the comparison of growth, milk yield and draughtability of Murrah-Philippine crossbred and Philippine native buffaloes. Body weights and body measurements were available at 3-month intervals from birth to 36 months of age for a total of 34 Murrah¡¿Philippine native buffalo F1 crossbreds (CBB; 21 cows, 13 bulls) and 32 Philippine native buffaloes (PNB; 16 cows, 16 bulls). Lactation records were available for 14 CBB and 19 PNB cows. Data for draughtability under wet and dry ploughing conditions were available for 4 CBB and 4 PNB steers. The results indicate that crossbreds grow faster (0-9 months of age: cows 442 19 vs. 301 21 g/day, bulls 305 23 vs. 296 21 g/day; 9-36 months of age: cows 227 10 vs. 147 12 g/day, bulls 282 13 vs. 138 12 g/day), mature earlier and produce more milk (1st lactation: 1139 153 vs. 450 112 kg; 2nd lactation: 1115 132 vs. 488 136 kg) than native buffaloes, but have a poorer draughtability (wet ploughing: force as ␘f body weight 8.8 0.2 vs. 12.2 0.6; dry ploughing: cut depth 10.98 0.25 vs. 11.92 0.13 cm, velocity 0.50 0.03 vs. 0.60 0.02 m/sec, force as ␘f body weight 9.0 0.6 vs. 11.3 0.7). The correlation coefficients between body weight and body measurements at birth and at 3-month intervals indicate that heart girth has a relatively high correlation with body weight, especially in crossbreds. It is concluded that in Philippine smallholder farming systems in which meat and milk production are secondary to draught power, the native buffalo is preferable from the point of view of input needed to maintain the number of animals kept for a required draught force.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-586
JournalAsian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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