Comparing the sensitivity of four bioassays for acrolein

A.C. Sneekes, N.H.B.M. Kaag

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


Introduction of non-indigenous species is a risk associated with discharge of ballast water from ships transporting cargo between regions. The IMO has set out a mandatory framework for ballast water management on board ships. EnvioMar GmbH has developed a Ballast Water Treatment System (BWTS) using acrolein as active substance. The toxicity of the active substance, as well as the residual toxicity of the treated ballast water has to be assessed, according to IMO regulations on BWTS using active ingredients (G9). EnvioMar asked IMARES to conduct bioassays in order to assess the toxicity of the treated ballast water and the active ingredient, acrolein.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Helder
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Publication series

NameReport / Wageningen IMARES
PublisherIMARES C026.09


  • ships
  • water ballasting
  • water treatment
  • acrolein
  • bioassays
  • ecotoxicology


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