Comparative sequence analysis of the potato cyst nematode resistance locus H1 reveals a major lack of co-linearity between three haplotypes in potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp.)

A.M. Finkers-Tomczak, E.H. Bakker, J.M. de Boer, E.A.G. van der Vossen, U. Achenbach, T.M. Golas, S. Suryaningrat, G. Smant, J. Bakker, A. Goverse

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Abstract

The H1 locus confers resistance to the potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis pathotypes 1 and 4. It is positioned at the distal end of chromosome V of the diploid Solanum tuberosum genotype SH83-92-488 (SH) on an introgression segment derived from S. tuberosum ssp. andigena. Markers from a high-resolution genetic map of the H1 locus (Bakker et al. in Theor Appl Genet 109:146–152, 2004) were used to screen a BAC library to construct a physical map covering a 341-kb region of the resistant haplotype coming from SH. For comparison, physical maps were also generated of the two haplotypes from the diploid susceptible genotype RH89-039-16 (S. tuberosum ssp. tuberosum/S. phureja), spanning syntenic regions of 700 and 319 kb. Gene predictions on the genomic segments resulted in the identification of a large cluster consisting of variable numbers of the CC-NB-LRR type of R genes for each haplotype. Furthermore, the regions were interspersed with numerous transposable elements and genes coding for an extensin-like protein and an amino acid transporter. Comparative analysis revealed a major lack of gene order conservation in the sequences of the three closely related haplotypes. Our data provide insight in the evolutionary mechanisms shaping the H1 locus and will facilitate the map-based cloning of the H1 resistance gene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-608
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume122
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • gene conferring resistance
  • quantitatively-inherited resistance
  • plant-parasitic nematodes
  • broad-spectrum resistance
  • late blight resistance
  • high-resolution map
  • globodera-rostochiensis
  • disease resistance
  • transposable elements
  • soybean roots

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