Comparative Microbial Conversion of Deoxynivalenol and Acetylated Deoxynivalenol in Different Parts of the Chicken Intestine as Detected in Vitro and Translated to the in Vivo Situation

Jing Jin, Mouhamed Fall, Qijun Liu, Ivonne M.C.M. Rietjens, Fuguo Xing*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess potential differences in the intestinal microbial metabolism of deoxynivalenol (DON) and its acetylated forms 3-Ac-DON and 15-Ac-DON, in vitro anaerobic incubations with intestinal contents from chickens were conducted. Quantitative microbiota characterization was obtained by 16S rRNA sequencing. The data showed substantial differences in the level of different toxin conversions by the microbiota from the different intestinal segments. The transformation rate of DON to its metabolite DOM-1 decreased in the order of cecum > ileum > jejunum, and caecum contents could completely transform DON to DOM-1 within 24 h. However, no transformation appeared in the duodenum. For 3-Ac-DON, the deacetylation rate decreased as follows: duodenum > caecum > ileum > jejunum, and 100% deacetylation was observed in the duodenum within 24 h. The deacetylation of 15-Ac-DON decreased in the order of cecum > duodenum > ileum with no transformation in the jejunum. Some genera may contribute to the transformation of the toxins. Based on the in vitro kinetic parameters and their scaling to the in vivo situation, it was concluded that in the chicken small intestine, the deconjugation of both 3-Ac-DON and 15-Ac-DON will not likely be completed upon full transit. Whether this also holds for humans remains to be established.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15384-15392
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume69
Issue number50
Early online date2 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • acetylated deoxynivalenols
  • chicken gut microbiota
  • de-epoxidation
  • deacetylation
  • deoxynivalenol

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