Comparative analysis of Phytophthora genes encoding secreted proteins reveals conserved synteny and lineage-specific gene duplications and deletions

R.H.Y. Jiang, B.M. Tyler, F. Govers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Comparative analysis of two Phytophthora genomes revealed overall colinearity in four genomic regions consisting of a 1.5-Mb sequence of Phytophthora sojae and a 0.9-Mb sequence of R ramorum. In these regions with conserved synteny, the gene order is largely similar; however, genome rearrangements also have occurred. Deletions and duplications often were found in association with genes encoding secreted proteins, including effectors that are important for interaction with host plants. Among secreted protein genes, different evolutionary patterns were found. Elicitin genes that code for a complex family of highly conserved Phytophthora-specific elicitors show conservation in gene number and order, and often are clustered. In contrast, the race-specific elicitor gene Avr1b-1 appeared to be missing from the region with conserved synteny, as were its five homologs that are scattered over the four genomic regions. Some gene families encoding secreted proteins were found to be expanded in one species compared with the other. This could be the result of either repeated gene duplications in one species or specific deletions in the other. These different evolutionary patterns may shed light on the functions of these secreted proteins in the biology and pathology of the two Phytophthora spp.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1311-1321
JournalMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • pathogen phytophthora
  • comparative genomics
  • cladosporium-fulvum
  • magnaporthe-grisea
  • effector proteins
  • downy mildew
  • resistance
  • avirulence
  • elicitor
  • locus

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