Community genetics in the time of next-generation molecular technologies

F. Gugerli, R. Brandl, B. Castagneyrol, A. Franc, H. Jactel, H.P. Koelewijn, F. Martin, M. Peter, K. Pritsch, H. Schröder, M.J.M. Smulders, A. Kremer, B. Ziegenhagen

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding the interactions of co-occurring species within and across trophic levels provides key information needed for understanding the ecological and evolutionary processes that underlie biological diversity. As genetics has only recently been integrated into the study of community-level interactions, the time is right for a critical evaluation of potential new, gene-based approaches to studying communities. Next-generation molecular techniques, used in parallel with field-based observations and manipulative experiments across spatio-temporal gradients, are key to expanding our understanding of community-level processes. Here, we introduce a variety of ‘-omics’ tools, with recent studies of plant–insect herbivores and of ectomycorrhizal systems providing detailed examples of how next-generation approaches can revolutionize our understanding of interspecific interactions. We suggest ways that novel technologies may convert community genetics from a field that relies on correlative inference to one that reveals causal mechanisms of genetic co-variation and adaptations within communities.
LanguageEnglish
Pages3198-3207
JournalMolecular Ecology
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Technology
Herbivory
Biodiversity
Insects
interspecific interaction
trophic level
herbivore
herbivores
insect
biodiversity
Genes
insects
gene
genes
experiment
methodology
evaluation
trophic levels

Keywords

  • linkage disequilibrium
  • nucleotide diversity
  • arthropod community
  • herbivore community
  • demographic history
  • ecosystem genetics
  • emerging synthesis
  • fungal diversity
  • laccaria-bicolor
  • plant genotype

Cite this

Gugerli, F., Brandl, R., Castagneyrol, B., Franc, A., Jactel, H., Koelewijn, H. P., ... Ziegenhagen, B. (2013). Community genetics in the time of next-generation molecular technologies. Molecular Ecology, 22(12), 3198-3207. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12300
Gugerli, F. ; Brandl, R. ; Castagneyrol, B. ; Franc, A. ; Jactel, H. ; Koelewijn, H.P. ; Martin, F. ; Peter, M. ; Pritsch, K. ; Schröder, H. ; Smulders, M.J.M. ; Kremer, A. ; Ziegenhagen, B. / Community genetics in the time of next-generation molecular technologies. In: Molecular Ecology. 2013 ; Vol. 22, No. 12. pp. 3198-3207.
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Gugerli, F, Brandl, R, Castagneyrol, B, Franc, A, Jactel, H, Koelewijn, HP, Martin, F, Peter, M, Pritsch, K, Schröder, H, Smulders, MJM, Kremer, A & Ziegenhagen, B 2013, 'Community genetics in the time of next-generation molecular technologies', Molecular Ecology, vol. 22, no. 12, pp. 3198-3207. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12300

Community genetics in the time of next-generation molecular technologies. / Gugerli, F.; Brandl, R.; Castagneyrol, B.; Franc, A.; Jactel, H.; Koelewijn, H.P.; Martin, F.; Peter, M.; Pritsch, K.; Schröder, H.; Smulders, M.J.M.; Kremer, A.; Ziegenhagen, B.

In: Molecular Ecology, Vol. 22, No. 12, 2013, p. 3198-3207.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Community genetics in the time of next-generation molecular technologies

AU - Gugerli, F.

AU - Brandl, R.

AU - Castagneyrol, B.

AU - Franc, A.

AU - Jactel, H.

AU - Koelewijn, H.P.

AU - Martin, F.

AU - Peter, M.

AU - Pritsch, K.

AU - Schröder, H.

AU - Smulders, M.J.M.

AU - Kremer, A.

AU - Ziegenhagen, B.

N1 - Bij auteurs tevens Evoltree JERA3 Contributors

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Understanding the interactions of co-occurring species within and across trophic levels provides key information needed for understanding the ecological and evolutionary processes that underlie biological diversity. As genetics has only recently been integrated into the study of community-level interactions, the time is right for a critical evaluation of potential new, gene-based approaches to studying communities. Next-generation molecular techniques, used in parallel with field-based observations and manipulative experiments across spatio-temporal gradients, are key to expanding our understanding of community-level processes. Here, we introduce a variety of ‘-omics’ tools, with recent studies of plant–insect herbivores and of ectomycorrhizal systems providing detailed examples of how next-generation approaches can revolutionize our understanding of interspecific interactions. We suggest ways that novel technologies may convert community genetics from a field that relies on correlative inference to one that reveals causal mechanisms of genetic co-variation and adaptations within communities.

AB - Understanding the interactions of co-occurring species within and across trophic levels provides key information needed for understanding the ecological and evolutionary processes that underlie biological diversity. As genetics has only recently been integrated into the study of community-level interactions, the time is right for a critical evaluation of potential new, gene-based approaches to studying communities. Next-generation molecular techniques, used in parallel with field-based observations and manipulative experiments across spatio-temporal gradients, are key to expanding our understanding of community-level processes. Here, we introduce a variety of ‘-omics’ tools, with recent studies of plant–insect herbivores and of ectomycorrhizal systems providing detailed examples of how next-generation approaches can revolutionize our understanding of interspecific interactions. We suggest ways that novel technologies may convert community genetics from a field that relies on correlative inference to one that reveals causal mechanisms of genetic co-variation and adaptations within communities.

KW - linkage disequilibrium

KW - nucleotide diversity

KW - arthropod community

KW - herbivore community

KW - demographic history

KW - ecosystem genetics

KW - emerging synthesis

KW - fungal diversity

KW - laccaria-bicolor

KW - plant genotype

U2 - 10.1111/mec.12300

DO - 10.1111/mec.12300

M3 - Comment/Letter to the editor

VL - 22

SP - 3198

EP - 3207

JO - Molecular Ecology

T2 - Molecular Ecology

JF - Molecular Ecology

SN - 0962-1083

IS - 12

ER -

Gugerli F, Brandl R, Castagneyrol B, Franc A, Jactel H, Koelewijn HP et al. Community genetics in the time of next-generation molecular technologies. Molecular Ecology. 2013;22(12):3198-3207. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12300