Combining fluidized activated carbon with weak alternating electric fields for disinfection

J. Racyte, J. Sharabati, A.H. Paulitsch-Fuchs, D.R. Yntema, M.J.J. Mayer, H. Bruning, H.H.M. Rijnaarts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This study presents fluidized bed electrodes as a new device for disinfection. In the fluidized bed electrodes system, granular activated carbon particles were suspended, and an alternating radio frequency electric field was applied over the suspended bed. Proof-of-principle studies with the luminescent non-pathogenic bacterium Escherichia coli YMc10 demonstrated that disinfection with fluidized bed electrodes requires both the presence of granular activated carbon particles and the application of radio frequency electric field. Disinfection was investigated at various frequencies in range from 80 to 200 kHz at electric field strength of 6 ± 0.5 V/cm during 6 h. The largest decrease of E. coli viable cell concentration in the liquid (from 108 to 106 CFU/mL) was obtained at an optimum frequency of 140 kHz. Possible mechanisms of this electromediated disinfection are discussed in the manuscript. The results are promising for development of a new disinfection process with fluidized bed electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5321-5328
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • advanced oxidation processes
  • waste-water
  • escherichia-coli
  • electromagnetic-fields
  • electrochemical treatment
  • 3-dimensional electrodes
  • magnetic-field
  • bacteria
  • cells
  • inactivation


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