Combined effects of agrochemicals and ecosystem services on crop yield across Europe

Vesna Gagic*, David Kleijn, András Báldi, Gergely Boros, Helene Bracht Jørgensen, Zoltán Elek, Michael P.D. Garratt, Arjen de Groot, Katarina Hedlund, Anikó Kovács-Hostyánszki, Lorenzo Marini, Emily A. Martin, Ines Pevere, Simon G. Potts, Sarah Redlich, Deepa Senapathi, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Stanislaw Świtek, Henrik G. Smith, Viktória Takács & 4 others Piotr Tryjanowski, Wim H. van der Putten, Stijn van Gils, Riccardo Bommarco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simultaneously enhancing ecosystem services provided by biodiversity below and above ground is recommended to reduce dependence on chemical pesticides and mineral fertilisers in agriculture. However, consequences for crop yield have been poorly evaluated. Above ground, increased landscape complexity is assumed to enhance biological pest control, whereas below ground, soil organic carbon is a proxy for several yield-supporting services. In a field experiment replicated in 114 fields across Europe, we found that fertilisation had the strongest positive effect on yield, but hindered simultaneous harnessing of below- and above-ground ecosystem services. We furthermore show that enhancing natural enemies and pest control through increasing landscape complexity can prove disappointing in fields with low soil services or in intensively cropped regions. Thus, understanding ecological interdependences between land use, ecosystem services and yield is necessary to promote more environmentally friendly farming by identifying situations where ecosystem services are maximised and agrochemical inputs can be reduced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1427-1436
JournalEcology Letters
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017

Fingerprint

agrochemical
agrochemicals
ecosystem service
crop yield
ecosystem services
pest control
natural enemy
mineral fertilizers
soil organic carbon
biological control
natural enemies
pesticides
soil
farming systems
land use
pesticide
organic carbon
fertilizer
biodiversity
agriculture

Keywords

  • Agricultural intensification
  • biological pest control
  • ecological intensification
  • fertilisers
  • insecticides
  • landscape complexity
  • soil organic carbon
  • yield loss

Cite this

Gagic, V., Kleijn, D., Báldi, A., Boros, G., Jørgensen, H. B., Elek, Z., ... Bommarco, R. (2017). Combined effects of agrochemicals and ecosystem services on crop yield across Europe. Ecology Letters, 20(11), 1427-1436. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12850
Gagic, Vesna ; Kleijn, David ; Báldi, András ; Boros, Gergely ; Jørgensen, Helene Bracht ; Elek, Zoltán ; Garratt, Michael P.D. ; de Groot, Arjen ; Hedlund, Katarina ; Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó ; Marini, Lorenzo ; Martin, Emily A. ; Pevere, Ines ; Potts, Simon G. ; Redlich, Sarah ; Senapathi, Deepa ; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf ; Świtek, Stanislaw ; Smith, Henrik G. ; Takács, Viktória ; Tryjanowski, Piotr ; van der Putten, Wim H. ; van Gils, Stijn ; Bommarco, Riccardo. / Combined effects of agrochemicals and ecosystem services on crop yield across Europe. In: Ecology Letters. 2017 ; Vol. 20, No. 11. pp. 1427-1436.
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abstract = "Simultaneously enhancing ecosystem services provided by biodiversity below and above ground is recommended to reduce dependence on chemical pesticides and mineral fertilisers in agriculture. However, consequences for crop yield have been poorly evaluated. Above ground, increased landscape complexity is assumed to enhance biological pest control, whereas below ground, soil organic carbon is a proxy for several yield-supporting services. In a field experiment replicated in 114 fields across Europe, we found that fertilisation had the strongest positive effect on yield, but hindered simultaneous harnessing of below- and above-ground ecosystem services. We furthermore show that enhancing natural enemies and pest control through increasing landscape complexity can prove disappointing in fields with low soil services or in intensively cropped regions. Thus, understanding ecological interdependences between land use, ecosystem services and yield is necessary to promote more environmentally friendly farming by identifying situations where ecosystem services are maximised and agrochemical inputs can be reduced.",
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Gagic, V, Kleijn, D, Báldi, A, Boros, G, Jørgensen, HB, Elek, Z, Garratt, MPD, de Groot, A, Hedlund, K, Kovács-Hostyánszki, A, Marini, L, Martin, EA, Pevere, I, Potts, SG, Redlich, S, Senapathi, D, Steffan-Dewenter, I, Świtek, S, Smith, HG, Takács, V, Tryjanowski, P, van der Putten, WH, van Gils, S & Bommarco, R 2017, 'Combined effects of agrochemicals and ecosystem services on crop yield across Europe', Ecology Letters, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 1427-1436. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12850

Combined effects of agrochemicals and ecosystem services on crop yield across Europe. / Gagic, Vesna; Kleijn, David; Báldi, András; Boros, Gergely; Jørgensen, Helene Bracht; Elek, Zoltán; Garratt, Michael P.D.; de Groot, Arjen; Hedlund, Katarina; Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó; Marini, Lorenzo; Martin, Emily A.; Pevere, Ines; Potts, Simon G.; Redlich, Sarah; Senapathi, Deepa; Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf; Świtek, Stanislaw; Smith, Henrik G.; Takács, Viktória; Tryjanowski, Piotr; van der Putten, Wim H.; van Gils, Stijn; Bommarco, Riccardo.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 20, No. 11, 11.2017, p. 1427-1436.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Combined effects of agrochemicals and ecosystem services on crop yield across Europe

AU - Gagic, Vesna

AU - Kleijn, David

AU - Báldi, András

AU - Boros, Gergely

AU - Jørgensen, Helene Bracht

AU - Elek, Zoltán

AU - Garratt, Michael P.D.

AU - de Groot, Arjen

AU - Hedlund, Katarina

AU - Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó

AU - Marini, Lorenzo

AU - Martin, Emily A.

AU - Pevere, Ines

AU - Potts, Simon G.

AU - Redlich, Sarah

AU - Senapathi, Deepa

AU - Steffan-Dewenter, Ingolf

AU - Świtek, Stanislaw

AU - Smith, Henrik G.

AU - Takács, Viktória

AU - Tryjanowski, Piotr

AU - van der Putten, Wim H.

AU - van Gils, Stijn

AU - Bommarco, Riccardo

PY - 2017/11

Y1 - 2017/11

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AB - Simultaneously enhancing ecosystem services provided by biodiversity below and above ground is recommended to reduce dependence on chemical pesticides and mineral fertilisers in agriculture. However, consequences for crop yield have been poorly evaluated. Above ground, increased landscape complexity is assumed to enhance biological pest control, whereas below ground, soil organic carbon is a proxy for several yield-supporting services. In a field experiment replicated in 114 fields across Europe, we found that fertilisation had the strongest positive effect on yield, but hindered simultaneous harnessing of below- and above-ground ecosystem services. We furthermore show that enhancing natural enemies and pest control through increasing landscape complexity can prove disappointing in fields with low soil services or in intensively cropped regions. Thus, understanding ecological interdependences between land use, ecosystem services and yield is necessary to promote more environmentally friendly farming by identifying situations where ecosystem services are maximised and agrochemical inputs can be reduced.

KW - Agricultural intensification

KW - biological pest control

KW - ecological intensification

KW - fertilisers

KW - insecticides

KW - landscape complexity

KW - soil organic carbon

KW - yield loss

U2 - 10.1111/ele.12850

DO - 10.1111/ele.12850

M3 - Letter

VL - 20

SP - 1427

EP - 1436

JO - Ecology Letters

JF - Ecology Letters

SN - 1461-023X

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