Combined action of pesticides towards aquatic organisms; a review of available literature from 1972-1998

J.W. Deneer

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

Literature from 1972 to 1998 was critically reviewed and used to assess to what degree the concept of concentration addition can correctly predict the acute toxicity of mixtures of pesticides towards aquatic organisms. For more than 90% of 202 mixtures in 26 studies concentration addition predicted the observed toxicity within a factor of 2. There were no apparent differences between mixtures of compounds with similar or dissimilar toxic modes of action. Deviations from concentration addition did occur, but were mostly limited. Combinations of an organophosphorus ester or a carbamate with either another organophosphorus ester or a synthetic pyrethroid were identified as the mixtures that most frequently led to deviations from concentration addition
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherAlterra
Number of pages45
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Publication series

NameAlterra-rapport
No.4

Keywords

  • aquatic organisms
  • water pollution
  • pesticides
  • literature reviews
  • aquatic ecosystems
  • ecotoxicology

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