Collembola and macroarthropod community responses to carbamate, organophosphate and synthetic pyrethroid insecticides: direct and indirect effects

G.K. Frampton, P.J. van den Brink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Non-target effects on terrestrial arthropod communities of the broad-spectrum insecticides chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin and the selective insecticide pirimicarb were investigated in winter wheat fields in summer. Effects of chlorpyrifos on arthropod abundance and taxonomic richness were consistently negative whereas effects of cypermethrin were negative for predatory arthropods but positive for soil surface Collembola. Pirimicarb effects were marginal, primarily on aphids and their antagonists, with no effect on the Collembola community. Collembola-predator ratios were significantly higher following cypermethrin treatment, suggesting that cypermethrin-induced increases in collembolan abundance represent a classical resurgence. Observations in other studies suggest Collembola resurgences may be typical after synthetic pyrethroid applications. Collembola responses to insecticides differed among species, both in terms of effect magnitude and persistence, suggesting that coarse taxonomic monitoring would not adequately detect pesticide risks. These findings have implications for pesticide risk assessments and for the selection of indicator species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-25
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume147
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • soil invertebrates
  • pesticides
  • arthropods
  • field
  • cypermethrin
  • toxicity
  • residues
  • wheat

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