Cohesin SMC1 beta is required for meiotic chromosome dynamics, sister chromatid cohesion and DNA recombination

E. Revenkova, M. Eijpe, C. Heyting, C.A. Hodges, P.A. Hunt, B. Liebe, H. Scherthan, R. Jessberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

287 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sister chromatid cohesion ensures the faithful segregation of chromosomes in mitosis and in both meiotic divisions1, 2, 3, 4. Meiosis-specific components of the cohesin complex, including the recently described SMC1 isoform SMC15, were suggested to be required for meiotic sister chromatid cohesion and DNA recombination. Here we show that SMC1-deficient mice of both sexes are sterile. Male meiosis is blocked in pachytene; female meiosis is highly error-prone but continues until metaphase II. Prophase axial elements (AEs) are markedly shortened, chromatin extends further from the AEs, chromosome synapsis is incomplete, and sister chromatid cohesion in chromosome arms and at centromeres is lost prematurely. In addition, crossover-associated recombination foci are absent or reduced, and meiosis-specific perinuclear telomere arrangements are impaired. Thus, SMC1 has a key role in meiotic cohesion, the assembly of AEs, synapsis, recombination, and chromosome movements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-562
JournalNature Cell Biology
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • double-strand breaks
  • synaptonemal complexes
  • schizosaccharomyces-pombe
  • smc proteins
  • mouse
  • meiosis
  • prophase
  • condensation
  • segregation
  • association

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