Coffee intake and incidence of hypertension 1-3

C.S.P.M. Uiterwaal, W.M.M. Verschuren, H.B. Bueno de Mesquita, M. Ocké, J.M. Geleijnse, H.C. Boshuizen, P.H.M. Peeters, E.J.M. Feskens, D.E. Grobbee

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75 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The long-term longitudinal evidence for a relation between coffee intake and hypertension is relatively scarce. Objective: The objective was to assess whether coffee intake is associated with the incidence of hypertension. Design: This study was conducted on a cohort of 2985 men and 3383 women who had a baseline visit and follow-up visits after 6 and 11 y. Baseline coffee intake was ascertained with questionnaires and categorized into 0, > 0-3, > 3-6, and > 6 cups/d. Hypertension was defined as a mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) >= 140 mm Hg over both follow-up measurements, a mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >= 90 mm Hg over both follow-up measurements, or the use of antihypertensive medication at any follow-up measurement. Results: Coffee abstainers at baseline had a lower risk of hypertension than did those with a coffee intake of > 0-3 cups/d [odds ratio (OR): 0.54; 95% CI: 0.31, 0.92]. Women who drank > 6 cups/d had a lower risk than did women who drank > 0-3 cups/d (OR: 0.67; 95% CI: 0.46, 0.98). Subjects aged >= 39 y at baseline had 0.35 mm Hg (95% CI: -0.59, -0.11 mm Hg) lower SBP per cup intake/d and 0.11 mm Hg lower DBP (95% CI: -0.26, 0.03 mm Hg) than did those aged <39 y at baseline, although the difference in DBP was not statistically significant. Conclusions: Coffee abstinence is associated with a lower hypertension risk than is low coffee consumption. An inverse U-shaped relation between coffee intake and risk of hypertension was observed in the women.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-723
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • type-2 diabetes-mellitus
  • blood-pressure
  • cholesterol determination
  • myocardial-infarction
  • postmenopausal women
  • consumption
  • risk
  • caffeine
  • men
  • associations


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