Coffee berry and green bean chemistry - Opportunities for improving cup quality and crop circularity

R.D. Hall*, F. Trevisan, C.H. de Vos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Coffee cup quality is primarily determined by the type and variety of green beans chosen and the roasting regime used. Furthermore, green coffee beans are not only the starting point for the production of all coffee beverages
but also are a major source of revenue for many sub-tropical countries. Green bean quality is directly related to its biochemical composition which is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Post-harvest, on-farm
processing methods are now particularly recognised as being influential to bean chemistry and final cup quality.
However, research on green coffee has been limited and results are fragmented. Despite this, there are already indications that multiple factors play a role in determining green coffee chemistry – including plant cultivation/fruit ripening issues and ending with farmer practices and post-harvest storage conditions. Here, we provide the first overview of the knowledge determined so far specifically for pre-factory, green coffee composition. In addition, the potential of coffee waste biomass in a biobased economy context for the delivery of useful bioactives is described as this is becoming a topic of growing relevance within the coffee industry. We draw
attention to a general lack of consistency in experimentation and reporting and call for a more intensive and united effort to build up our knowledge both of green bean composition and also how perturbations in genetic
and environmental factors impact bean chemistry, crop sustainability and ultimately, cup quality.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110825
JournalFood Research International
Early online date26 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Biomass re-use
  • Circularity
  • Coffee
  • Green beans
  • Metabolomics
  • Pre-harvest
  • Quality
  • Seed chemistry


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