Coexistence of physiologically similar sulfate reducing bacteria in a full-scale sulfidogenic bioreactor fed with a single organic electron donor

S. Dar, A.J.M. Stams, J.G. Kuenen, G. Muyzer

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A combination of culture-dependent and independent methods was used to study the co-existence of different sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in an upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor treating sulfate-rich wastewater. The wastewater was fed with ethanol as an external electron donor. Twenty six strains of SRB were randomly picked and isolated from the highest serial dilution that showed growth (i.e. 108). Repetitive enterobacterial palindromic polymerase chain reaction and whole cell protein profiling revealed a low genetic diversity, with only two genotypes among the 26 strains obtained in the pure culture. The low genetic diversity suggests the absence of micro-niches within the reactor, which might be due to a low spatial and temporal micro-heterogeneity. The total 16S rDNA sequencing of two representative strains L3 and L7 indicated a close relatedness to the genus Desulfovibrio. The two strains differed in as many as five physiological traits, which might allow them to occupy distinct niches and thus co-exist within the same habitat. Whole cell hybridisation with fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes was performed to characterise the SRB community in the reactor. The isolated strains Desulfovibrio L3 and Desulfovibrio L7 were the most dominant SRB, representing 30¿35% and 25¿35%, respectively, of the total SRB community. Desulfobulbus-like bacteria contributed for 20¿25%, and the Desulfobacca acetoxidans-specific probe targeted approximately 15¿20% of the total SRB. The whole cell hybridisation results thus revealed a consortium of four different species of SRB that can be enriched and maintained on a single energy source in a full-scale sulfidogenic reactor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1463-1472
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume75
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • 16s ribosomal-rna
  • gradient gel-electrophoresis
  • carbinolicus sp-nov
  • microbial communities
  • waste-water
  • oligonucleotide probes
  • oxidizing bacteria
  • diversity
  • identification
  • reactor

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