COCREATE: a self-directed learning approach to agricultural extension programmes

K. Kusnandar*, O. van Kooten, F.M. Brazier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Participation has been proposed to improve agricultural extension programmes in developing countries. This paper reports on experience with COCREATE, an approach to agricultural extension programmes that supports agricultural chain actors in self-directed learning in action research with smallholder farmers and local traders in Indonesia. This approach resulted in the changes in relation and task division between farmers and their local traders in the agricultural production and supply and chains, improved their market position and in new institutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)636-649
JournalDevelopment in Practice
Issue number5
Early online date7 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • agricultural extension programmes
  • co-creation approach
  • Self-directed learning
  • value chain management


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