Cocoa sustainability initiatives

the impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The cocoa sector faces a number of deeply embedded, interrelated challenges, including old trees with low productivity; low farmer and worker incomes; pest and disease attacks; political instability in many of the main countries of origin; persistent poor labour conditions and negative environmental impacts, such as deforestation, soil degradation and pollution; tight relationship between supply in the face of growing demand and longterm cyclical recession and expansion booms affecting global market and farm gate prices (Ruf and Siswoputranto 1995; Nkamleu et al. 2010; Matissek et al. 2012; Fountain and HutzAdams 2015). Organising smallholders into groups and undertaking voluntary initiatives, such as certification, often accompanied by training and improved access to agricultural inputs, have been proposed to address some of these multiple, long-running problems. These sustainability interventions have been implemented largely by international traders in the cocoa value chain, government agencies, certification organisations and nongovernmental organisations (NGOs). But do they work? What has been the impact of the multitude of sustainability-based interventions in the last decade on different types of farmers, and how to untangle the impacts of different interventions?
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAchieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa
EditorsPathmanathan Umaharan
PublisherBurleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited
Chapter22
Pages515-540
ISBN (Electronic)9781786761712
ISBN (Print)9781786761682
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameBurleigh Dodds series in agricultural science

Fingerprint

cocoa
certification
sustainability
political instability
soil pollution
soil degradation
smallholder
nongovernmental organization
deforestation
environmental impact
labor
income
farm
productivity
market
West Africa
demand
pest
price
fountain

Cite this

Ingram, V. J., Waarts, Y. R., & van Rijn, F. C. (2018). Cocoa sustainability initiatives: the impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa. In P. Umaharan (Ed.), Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa (pp. 515-540). (Burleigh Dodds series in agricultural science). Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited.
Ingram, V.J. ; Waarts, Y.R. ; van Rijn, F.C. / Cocoa sustainability initiatives : the impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa. Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa. editor / Pathmanathan Umaharan. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, 2018. pp. 515-540 (Burleigh Dodds series in agricultural science).
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Ingram, VJ, Waarts, YR & van Rijn, FC 2018, Cocoa sustainability initiatives: the impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa. in P Umaharan (ed.), Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa. Burleigh Dodds series in agricultural science, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, pp. 515-540.

Cocoa sustainability initiatives : the impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa. / Ingram, V.J.; Waarts, Y.R.; van Rijn, F.C.

Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa. ed. / Pathmanathan Umaharan. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited, 2018. p. 515-540 (Burleigh Dodds series in agricultural science).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Ingram VJ, Waarts YR, van Rijn FC. Cocoa sustainability initiatives: the impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa. In Umaharan P, editor, Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited. 2018. p. 515-540. (Burleigh Dodds series in agricultural science).