Coalition formation: the role of procedure and policy flexibility

E.M.T. Hendrix, A. de Ridder, A. Rusinowska, M.E. Sáiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A spatial model of coalition formation is used together with data from Dutch elections and theoretical instances to study different procedures of coalition formation. The model shows that procedure plays an important role in reaching a coalition agreement and that political parties do not necessarily benefit from being a first-mover. Moreover, it is shown that a decrease in a party’s flexibility can be (dis)advantageous in coalition negotiations. Furthermore, certain power sharing tactics appear not always to lead to an agreement that is in a party’s advantage. The main message put forward is that the procedure of forming a coalition plays a more important role than is usually acknowledged in literature and practice
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-427
JournalGroup Decision and Negotiation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • parliamentary democracies
  • government formation
  • competition
  • horizons
  • dynamics


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