Co-occurrence of musk fragrances and UV-filters in seafood and macroalgae collected in European hotspots

S.C. Cunha, J.O. Fernandes, L. Vallecillos, M.J.J. Kotterman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the last decades, awareness regarding personal care products (PCP), i.e. synthetic organic chemicals frequently used in cosmetic and hygienic products, has become a forward-looking issue, due to their persistency in the environment and their potential multi-organ toxicity in both human and wildlife. Seafood is one of the most significant food commodities in the world and, certainly, one of the most prone to bioaccumulation of PCP, what can consequently lead to human exposure, especially for coastal population, where its consumption is more marked. The aim of this work was to evaluate the co-occurrence of musk fragrances and UV-filters in both seafood and macroalgae collected in different European hotspots (areas with high levels of pollution, highly populated and near wastewater treatment plants). Despite the fact that UV-filters were detected in three different kind of samples (mussel, mullet, and clam), in all cases they were below the limit of quantification. Galaxolide (HHCB) and tonalide (AHTN) were the musk fragrances most frequently detected and quantified in samples from the European hotspots. Cashmeran (DPMI) was also detected in most samples but only quantified in two of them (flounder/herring and mullet). The highest levels of HHCB and AHTN were found in mussels from Po estuary
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume143
Issue numberpart B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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