Climate control based on temperature measurement in the animal-occupied zone of a pig room with ground channel ventilation

A.V. van Wagenberg, J.M. Aerts, A. van Brecht, E. Vranken, T. Leroy, D. Berckmans

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    Abstract

    It is known that there can be a significant temperature difference between the position of the climate controller sensor (room temperature) and the animal-occupied zone (AOZ) in a pig room. This study explores the advantages of using AOZ temperature in climate control. The objectives were: (1) to evaluate a current climate control system in a practical room with ground channel ventilation for weaned piglets by comparing AOZ and room temperature, and (2) to determine advantages of control of the heating system based on AOZ temperature by a model-based predictive (MBP) controller. Comparison of AOZ and room temperature showed that during the first 10 days of the two experimental batches, AOZ temperature was lower and showed greater fluctuations than room temperature, most likely due to the switching of the heating system (on/off). Animals close to the sensor could disturb the AOZ measurement. This was not the case during colder nights, when animals moved away from the sensor and the measured AOZ temperature was a good indicator of the air temperature around the animals. The data for those periods were suitable for use in this climate control study, but when applying the system in practice the disturbing effect needs to be prevented by better protection of the AOZ sensor. For the second objective, the course of the AOZ temperature was modeled based on data for five nights when the heating switched on and off several times (goodness of fit Rt 2 = 0.77). One of the models was integrated in a simulated MBP controller that uses the model to predict future AOZ temperature; the controller switches the heating system on before the AOZ gets too cold and off before it gets too warm. The simulated AOZ temperature was more stable during an 11 h cold period; the standard deviation was reduced from 0.44°C to 0.18°C
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)355-365
    JournalTransactions of the ASAE
    Volume48
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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    van Wagenberg, A. V., Aerts, J. M., van Brecht, A., Vranken, E., Leroy, T., & Berckmans, D. (2005). Climate control based on temperature measurement in the animal-occupied zone of a pig room with ground channel ventilation. Transactions of the ASAE, 48(1), 355-365. https://edepot.wur.nl/37638