Enterotoxigenic F4+ Escherichia coli can colonize the intestine of pigs and cause diarrhoea. Our primary goal was to find a discriminant rule to discriminate between F4+ E. coli shedding profiles as this may reflect differences in the infectiousness of pigs. Our secondary goal was to find a discriminant rule to discriminate between diarrhoeic and non-diarrhoeic pigs. Repeated measurements (bacterial shedding and percentage dry matter of faeces) were taken of 74 weaned pigs that were infected experimentally with F4+ E. coli. These measurements were summarized into two new variables by means of a principal components analysis. Discriminant rules were derived based on these summary variables by fitting a mixture of normal distributions. Finally, the association between the classifications (as derived from the discriminant rules) and the occurrence in the pigs of the F4 receptor, an adhesion site for F4+ E. coli, was studied. We found that only the classification based on bacterial shedding allowed us to distinguish two significantly different groups of pigs (high and low shedders). Presence of the F4 receptor was associated strongly with pigs being high shedders.
- enterotoxigenic escherichia-coli
- postweaning diarrhea
- weaned pigs