Classification and salt tolerance analysis of barley varieties

N. Katerji, J.W. van Hoorn, A. Hamdy, M. Mastrorilli, C. Fares, S. Ceccarelli, S. Grando, T. Oweis

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37 Citations (Scopus)


Six varieties of barley (Hordeum vulgare), five of which were provided by ICARDA, were tested in a green house experiment for their salt tolerance. Afterwards the ICARDA variety Melusine, selected from this experiment for its combination of high yield and salt tolerance, was compared in a lysimeter experiment with the variety ISABON3, a very salt tolerant land race originally from Afghanistan. The variety ISABON3 showed a larger grain and straw yield under non-saline and saline conditions. The higher salt tolerance expressed itself during the growth period in: a higher stomatal conductance during the irrigation interval; a higher maximum osmotic potential; a more vigorous growth, less affected by salinity; no salinity effect on plant height and number of productive stems; less salinity effect on water use efficiency. The less tolerant variety Melusine showed a better grain quality, expressed by its protein content that even slightly increased at increasing salinity against a decrease of the protein content of ISABON3. The varietal salt tolerance clearly affects the water use efficiency and the salt tolerance classification. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-192
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • soil-salinity
  • water-stress
  • drought tolerance
  • hordeum-vulgare
  • durum-wheat
  • yield
  • growth
  • chickpea
  • traits
  • plants


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