Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification

Donald A. Walker*, Fred J.A. Daniëls, Nadezhda V. Matveyeva, Jozef Šibík, Marilyn D. Walker, Amy L. Breen, Lisa A. Druckenmiller, Martha K. Raynolds, Helga Bültmann, Stephan Hennekens, Marcel Buchhorn, Howard E. Epstein, Ksenia Ermokhina, Anna M. Fosaa, Starri Heidmarsson, Birgit Heim, Ingibjörg S. Jónsdóttir, Natalia Koroleva, Esther Lévesque, William H. MacKenzie & 9 others Greg H.R. Henry, Lennart Nilsen, Robert Peet, Volodya Razzhivin, Stephen S. Talbot, Mikhail Telyatnikov, Dietbert Thannheiser, Patrick J. Webber, Lisa M. Wirth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: An Arctic Vegetation Classification (AVC) is needed to address issues related to rapid Arctic-wide changes to climate, land-use, and biodiversity. Location: The 7.1 million km2 Arctic tundra biome. Approach and conclusions: The purpose, scope and conceptual framework for an Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA) and Classification (AVC) were developed during numerous workshops starting in 1992. The AVA and AVC are modeled after the European vegetation archive (EVA) and classification (EVC). The AVA will use Turboveg for data management. The AVC will use a Braun-Blanquet (Br.-Bl.) classification approach. There are approximately 31,000 Arctic plots that could be included in the AVA. An Alaska AVA (AVA-AK, 24 datasets, 3026 plots) is a prototype for archives in other parts of the Arctic. The plan is to eventually merge data from other regions of the Arctic into a single Turboveg v3 database. We present the pros and cons of using the Br.-Bl. classification approach compared to the EcoVeg (US) and Biogeoclimatic Ecological Classification (Canada) approaches. The main advantages are that the Br.-Bl. approach already has been widely used in all regions of the Arctic, and many described, well-accepted vegetation classes have a pan-Arctic distribution. A crosswalk comparison of Dryas octopetala communities described according to the EcoVeg and the Braun-Blanquet approaches indicates that the non-parallel hierarchies of the two approaches make crosswalks difficult above the plantcommunity level. A preliminary Arctic prodromus contains a list of typical Arctic habitat types with associated described syntaxa from Europe, Greenland, western North America, and Alaska. Numerical clustering methods are used to provide an overview of the variability of habitat types across the range of datasets and to determine their relationship to previously described Braun-Blanquet syntaxa. We emphasize the need for continued maintenance of the Pan-Arctic Species List, and additional plot data to fully sample the variability across bioclimatic subzones, phytogeographic regions, and habitats in the Arctic. This will require standardized methods of plot-data collection, inclusion of physiogonomic information in the numeric analysis approaches to create formal definitions for vegetation units, and new methods of data sharing between the AVA and national vegetation- plot databases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-201
Number of pages21
JournalPhytocoenologia
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Arctic region
taxonomy
vegetation
habitats
Dryas (Rosaceae)
tundra
Greenland
prototypes

Keywords

  • Alaska
  • Bioclimate gradient
  • Braun-Blanquet approach
  • Habitat type
  • Plant growth form
  • Plot database
  • Syntaxon
  • Tundra
  • Vegetation mapping

Cite this

Walker, D. A., Daniëls, F. J. A., Matveyeva, N. V., Šibík, J., Walker, M. D., Breen, A. L., ... Wirth, L. M. (2018). Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification. Phytocoenologia, 48(2), 181-201. https://doi.org/10.1127/phyto/2017/0192
Walker, Donald A. ; Daniëls, Fred J.A. ; Matveyeva, Nadezhda V. ; Šibík, Jozef ; Walker, Marilyn D. ; Breen, Amy L. ; Druckenmiller, Lisa A. ; Raynolds, Martha K. ; Bültmann, Helga ; Hennekens, Stephan ; Buchhorn, Marcel ; Epstein, Howard E. ; Ermokhina, Ksenia ; Fosaa, Anna M. ; Heidmarsson, Starri ; Heim, Birgit ; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg S. ; Koroleva, Natalia ; Lévesque, Esther ; MacKenzie, William H. ; Henry, Greg H.R. ; Nilsen, Lennart ; Peet, Robert ; Razzhivin, Volodya ; Talbot, Stephen S. ; Telyatnikov, Mikhail ; Thannheiser, Dietbert ; Webber, Patrick J. ; Wirth, Lisa M. / Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification. In: Phytocoenologia. 2018 ; Vol. 48, No. 2. pp. 181-201.
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title = "Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification",
abstract = "Aims: An Arctic Vegetation Classification (AVC) is needed to address issues related to rapid Arctic-wide changes to climate, land-use, and biodiversity. Location: The 7.1 million km2 Arctic tundra biome. Approach and conclusions: The purpose, scope and conceptual framework for an Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA) and Classification (AVC) were developed during numerous workshops starting in 1992. The AVA and AVC are modeled after the European vegetation archive (EVA) and classification (EVC). The AVA will use Turboveg for data management. The AVC will use a Braun-Blanquet (Br.-Bl.) classification approach. There are approximately 31,000 Arctic plots that could be included in the AVA. An Alaska AVA (AVA-AK, 24 datasets, 3026 plots) is a prototype for archives in other parts of the Arctic. The plan is to eventually merge data from other regions of the Arctic into a single Turboveg v3 database. We present the pros and cons of using the Br.-Bl. classification approach compared to the EcoVeg (US) and Biogeoclimatic Ecological Classification (Canada) approaches. The main advantages are that the Br.-Bl. approach already has been widely used in all regions of the Arctic, and many described, well-accepted vegetation classes have a pan-Arctic distribution. A crosswalk comparison of Dryas octopetala communities described according to the EcoVeg and the Braun-Blanquet approaches indicates that the non-parallel hierarchies of the two approaches make crosswalks difficult above the plantcommunity level. A preliminary Arctic prodromus contains a list of typical Arctic habitat types with associated described syntaxa from Europe, Greenland, western North America, and Alaska. Numerical clustering methods are used to provide an overview of the variability of habitat types across the range of datasets and to determine their relationship to previously described Braun-Blanquet syntaxa. We emphasize the need for continued maintenance of the Pan-Arctic Species List, and additional plot data to fully sample the variability across bioclimatic subzones, phytogeographic regions, and habitats in the Arctic. This will require standardized methods of plot-data collection, inclusion of physiogonomic information in the numeric analysis approaches to create formal definitions for vegetation units, and new methods of data sharing between the AVA and national vegetation- plot databases.",
keywords = "Alaska, Bioclimate gradient, Braun-Blanquet approach, Habitat type, Plant growth form, Plot database, Syntaxon, Tundra, Vegetation mapping",
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Walker, DA, Daniëls, FJA, Matveyeva, NV, Šibík, J, Walker, MD, Breen, AL, Druckenmiller, LA, Raynolds, MK, Bültmann, H, Hennekens, S, Buchhorn, M, Epstein, HE, Ermokhina, K, Fosaa, AM, Heidmarsson, S, Heim, B, Jónsdóttir, IS, Koroleva, N, Lévesque, E, MacKenzie, WH, Henry, GHR, Nilsen, L, Peet, R, Razzhivin, V, Talbot, SS, Telyatnikov, M, Thannheiser, D, Webber, PJ & Wirth, LM 2018, 'Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification', Phytocoenologia, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 181-201. https://doi.org/10.1127/phyto/2017/0192

Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification. / Walker, Donald A.; Daniëls, Fred J.A.; Matveyeva, Nadezhda V.; Šibík, Jozef; Walker, Marilyn D.; Breen, Amy L.; Druckenmiller, Lisa A.; Raynolds, Martha K.; Bültmann, Helga; Hennekens, Stephan; Buchhorn, Marcel; Epstein, Howard E.; Ermokhina, Ksenia; Fosaa, Anna M.; Heidmarsson, Starri; Heim, Birgit; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg S.; Koroleva, Natalia; Lévesque, Esther; MacKenzie, William H.; Henry, Greg H.R.; Nilsen, Lennart; Peet, Robert; Razzhivin, Volodya; Talbot, Stephen S.; Telyatnikov, Mikhail; Thannheiser, Dietbert; Webber, Patrick J.; Wirth, Lisa M.

In: Phytocoenologia, Vol. 48, No. 2, 2018, p. 181-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification

AU - Walker, Donald A.

AU - Daniëls, Fred J.A.

AU - Matveyeva, Nadezhda V.

AU - Šibík, Jozef

AU - Walker, Marilyn D.

AU - Breen, Amy L.

AU - Druckenmiller, Lisa A.

AU - Raynolds, Martha K.

AU - Bültmann, Helga

AU - Hennekens, Stephan

AU - Buchhorn, Marcel

AU - Epstein, Howard E.

AU - Ermokhina, Ksenia

AU - Fosaa, Anna M.

AU - Heidmarsson, Starri

AU - Heim, Birgit

AU - Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg S.

AU - Koroleva, Natalia

AU - Lévesque, Esther

AU - MacKenzie, William H.

AU - Henry, Greg H.R.

AU - Nilsen, Lennart

AU - Peet, Robert

AU - Razzhivin, Volodya

AU - Talbot, Stephen S.

AU - Telyatnikov, Mikhail

AU - Thannheiser, Dietbert

AU - Webber, Patrick J.

AU - Wirth, Lisa M.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Aims: An Arctic Vegetation Classification (AVC) is needed to address issues related to rapid Arctic-wide changes to climate, land-use, and biodiversity. Location: The 7.1 million km2 Arctic tundra biome. Approach and conclusions: The purpose, scope and conceptual framework for an Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA) and Classification (AVC) were developed during numerous workshops starting in 1992. The AVA and AVC are modeled after the European vegetation archive (EVA) and classification (EVC). The AVA will use Turboveg for data management. The AVC will use a Braun-Blanquet (Br.-Bl.) classification approach. There are approximately 31,000 Arctic plots that could be included in the AVA. An Alaska AVA (AVA-AK, 24 datasets, 3026 plots) is a prototype for archives in other parts of the Arctic. The plan is to eventually merge data from other regions of the Arctic into a single Turboveg v3 database. We present the pros and cons of using the Br.-Bl. classification approach compared to the EcoVeg (US) and Biogeoclimatic Ecological Classification (Canada) approaches. The main advantages are that the Br.-Bl. approach already has been widely used in all regions of the Arctic, and many described, well-accepted vegetation classes have a pan-Arctic distribution. A crosswalk comparison of Dryas octopetala communities described according to the EcoVeg and the Braun-Blanquet approaches indicates that the non-parallel hierarchies of the two approaches make crosswalks difficult above the plantcommunity level. A preliminary Arctic prodromus contains a list of typical Arctic habitat types with associated described syntaxa from Europe, Greenland, western North America, and Alaska. Numerical clustering methods are used to provide an overview of the variability of habitat types across the range of datasets and to determine their relationship to previously described Braun-Blanquet syntaxa. We emphasize the need for continued maintenance of the Pan-Arctic Species List, and additional plot data to fully sample the variability across bioclimatic subzones, phytogeographic regions, and habitats in the Arctic. This will require standardized methods of plot-data collection, inclusion of physiogonomic information in the numeric analysis approaches to create formal definitions for vegetation units, and new methods of data sharing between the AVA and national vegetation- plot databases.

AB - Aims: An Arctic Vegetation Classification (AVC) is needed to address issues related to rapid Arctic-wide changes to climate, land-use, and biodiversity. Location: The 7.1 million km2 Arctic tundra biome. Approach and conclusions: The purpose, scope and conceptual framework for an Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA) and Classification (AVC) were developed during numerous workshops starting in 1992. The AVA and AVC are modeled after the European vegetation archive (EVA) and classification (EVC). The AVA will use Turboveg for data management. The AVC will use a Braun-Blanquet (Br.-Bl.) classification approach. There are approximately 31,000 Arctic plots that could be included in the AVA. An Alaska AVA (AVA-AK, 24 datasets, 3026 plots) is a prototype for archives in other parts of the Arctic. The plan is to eventually merge data from other regions of the Arctic into a single Turboveg v3 database. We present the pros and cons of using the Br.-Bl. classification approach compared to the EcoVeg (US) and Biogeoclimatic Ecological Classification (Canada) approaches. The main advantages are that the Br.-Bl. approach already has been widely used in all regions of the Arctic, and many described, well-accepted vegetation classes have a pan-Arctic distribution. A crosswalk comparison of Dryas octopetala communities described according to the EcoVeg and the Braun-Blanquet approaches indicates that the non-parallel hierarchies of the two approaches make crosswalks difficult above the plantcommunity level. A preliminary Arctic prodromus contains a list of typical Arctic habitat types with associated described syntaxa from Europe, Greenland, western North America, and Alaska. Numerical clustering methods are used to provide an overview of the variability of habitat types across the range of datasets and to determine their relationship to previously described Braun-Blanquet syntaxa. We emphasize the need for continued maintenance of the Pan-Arctic Species List, and additional plot data to fully sample the variability across bioclimatic subzones, phytogeographic regions, and habitats in the Arctic. This will require standardized methods of plot-data collection, inclusion of physiogonomic information in the numeric analysis approaches to create formal definitions for vegetation units, and new methods of data sharing between the AVA and national vegetation- plot databases.

KW - Alaska

KW - Bioclimate gradient

KW - Braun-Blanquet approach

KW - Habitat type

KW - Plant growth form

KW - Plot database

KW - Syntaxon

KW - Tundra

KW - Vegetation mapping

U2 - 10.1127/phyto/2017/0192

DO - 10.1127/phyto/2017/0192

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 181

EP - 201

JO - Phytocoenologia

JF - Phytocoenologia

SN - 0340-269X

IS - 2

ER -

Walker DA, Daniëls FJA, Matveyeva NV, Šibík J, Walker MD, Breen AL et al. Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Classification. Phytocoenologia. 2018;48(2):181-201. https://doi.org/10.1127/phyto/2017/0192