Circulation of Group 2 Coronaviruses in a Bat Species Common to Urban Areas in Western Europe

C.B.E.M. Reusken, P.H.C. Lina, A. Pielaat, A. de Vries, C. Dam-Deisz, J. Adema, J.F. Drexler, C. Drosten, E.A. Kooi

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Abstract

Fecal samples of 211 bats representing 13 different bat species from 31 locations in the Netherlands were analyzed for the presence of coronaviruses (CoV) using a genus-wide reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction. CoVs are known for their high potential for interspecies transmission, including zoonotic transmission with bats as reservoir hosts. For the first time, a group 2 CoV was found in a bat, Pipistrellus pipistrellus, in Europe. This is of particular interest for public health as the reservoir host is a species that is common to urban areas in most of Europe and notorious for its close interactions with humans. Four verspertilionid bat species were found to excrete group 1 CoVs, viz. Myotis daubentonii, M. dasycneme, P. pipistrellus, and Nyctalus noctula. The last species is a newly identified reservoir. The overall prevalence was 16.9% and positive bats were found at multiple widespread locations. The circulating group 1 CoV lineages were rather species associated than location associated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-791
JournalVector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Keywords

  • acute respiratory syndrome
  • chinese horseshoe bats
  • sequence
  • prevalence
  • diversity
  • humans
  • virus
  • swine

Cite this

Reusken, C. B. E. M., Lina, P. H. C., Pielaat, A., de Vries, A., Dam-Deisz, C., Adema, J., ... Kooi, E. A. (2010). Circulation of Group 2 Coronaviruses in a Bat Species Common to Urban Areas in Western Europe. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 10(8), 785-791. https://doi.org/10.1089/vbz.2009.0173