Cholesterol-containing liquid crystal dimmers with ether linkages between the spacer and mesogenic units

A.T.M. Marcelis, A. Koudijs, Z. Karczmarzyk, E.J.R. Sudhölter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three series of chiral liquid crystalline dimers were investigated, having a cholesteryl and a cyanobiphenylyl, butoxybiphenylyl or hexyloxybiphenylyl group connected to a variable alkyl spacer through ether linkages. Their properties were compared with those of the corresponding ester derivatives. The phase behaviour of compounds with ether and ester linkages is comparable, showing N* and SmA phases. The melting points of the compounds with ether linkages are in the same range as those of the ester compounds, but the liquid crystal transition temperatures are lower. The smectic layer spacings and smectic ordering properties are also similar. The cyanobiphenylyl compounds have an interdigitated SmA layer structure, which shows a small odd - even effect with spacer parity. The alkoxybiphenylyl compounds have a monolayer SmA phase for short spacers and an intercalated SmA phase for longer spacers. The selective reflection wavelengths of the chiral nematic phase of the ether compounds are lower than those of the corresponding ester compounds. The transition from N* to interdigitated or monolayer SmA is accompanied by a strong increase in the selective reflection wavelength, indicative of an intermediate TGB phase. This is absent for the transition from N* to intercalated SmA.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1364
Number of pages8
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • twist grain-boundary
  • dimesogenic compounds
  • optical-properties
  • mesomorphic behavior
  • smectic phases
  • terminal group
  • oligomers
  • lengths
  • moiety
  • series

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