Choices between different off-farm employment sub-categories: An empirical analysis for Jiangxi Province, China

X. Shi, N. Heerink, F. Qu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the relative importance of four sub-categories of off-farm employment, and the factors driving participation of individuals in these sub-categories for three villages in Jiangxi Province. We find that migration is the most important type of off-farm employment, while agricultural wage employment is a minor activity. Migrant remittances are smaller than household incomes earned from self-employment and local non-farm employment. The results of a multinomial probit analysis explaining off-farm participation decisions show that presence of young children in a household restrains participation in migration, while the presence of elderly persons and a higher level of education stimulate migration. Local wage employment and self-employment are not affected by these factors. The gender bias in access to off-farm employment is largest for agricultural employment and local non-agricultural employment. Land scarcity stimulates participation in migration and local non-agricultural employment, while possibilities to rent land out to other farmers stimulate only migration. The paper ends with policy suggestions for promoting off-farm employment within the own region and for altering the criteria for land distribution to rural households.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-455
JournalChina Economic Review
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • rural china
  • nonfarm employment
  • labor-markets
  • migration decisions
  • urban migration
  • income
  • productivity
  • consumption
  • rights
  • india

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