Chiral Supramolecular Polymers Assembled from Conformationally Flexible Amino-Acid-Substituted Biphenyldiimides

Grzegorz Markiewicz, Adrianna Szmulewicz, Łukasz Majchrzycki, Maarten M.J. Smulders*, Artur R. Stefankiewicz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Hydrogen-bonded polymers are a class of highly dynamic supramolecular aggregates, whose self-assembly may be tuned by very mild external or internal stimuli. However, the rational design of chiral supramolecules remains challenging especially when flexible components are involved. The combination of the inherent weakness and dynamic nature of the intermolecular bonds that hold together such assemblies with unrestricted molecular motions introduces additional factors which may affect the self-assembly process. In this report the self-assembly of four amino acid-derived chiral biphenyldiimides into open-chain 1D supramolecular polymers is presented. While the primary driving force, COOH···HOOC hydrogen bonding, is responsible for the polymer growth in all cases, the amino acid side chains play an important role in either stabilizing or destabilizing the assemblies obtained, as deduced from studies of the thermodynamics of the self-assembly process. Furthermore, substantial differences in the structural factors governing the polymerization process between dynamic liquid and static solid are found. This work demonstrates the potential of the rather unexplored class of diimide-based organic dyes in the formation of well-organized chiral supramolecular assemblies with tunable properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200767
JournalMacromolecular Rapid Communications
Issue number5
Early online date17 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • amino-acids
  • biphenyldiimides
  • hydrogen-bonding
  • self-assembly
  • supramolecular polymerization


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