China's New Rural Income Support Policy: Impacts on Grain Production and Rural Income Inequality

N. Heerink, M.H. Kuiper, X. Shi Xiaoping

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


This paper analyses the impact of agricultural tax abolition and direct income payments to grain farmers on grain production and rural inequality in China. To separate the impact of the income support measures from recent price trends for grains and inputs, and to account for differences in household responses, we use a village-level general equilibrium model that we calibrate for two villages with different degrees of market access in Jiangxi province. The results show that the income support policy does not reach its goal of promoting grain production. The increased incomes allow farm households to buy more inputs for livestock production and involve other activities that are more profitable than grain farming. Selling of rice outside the villages declines more than rice production, because households in the villages consume more rice when incomes rise. We further find that the income support measures tend to reduce income within a village, but that tax abolition tends to widen income inequality between villages
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-69
JournalChina & World Economy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • markets
  • transition
  • emergence
  • rights


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