Both in mammals and in fish, CXC chemokines activate leukocytes and regulate their migration both under normal physiological and inflammatory conditions. Moreover, in mammalian neutrophils CXC chemokines also stimulate the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). Here, we investigated the effects of recombinant carp CXCL8s and CXCb1 on NET formation in neutrophils from the head (HK) and trunk (TK) kidney of carp. We found that neither recombinant CXCL8s nor CXCb1 stimulated DNA release in HK-derived neutrophils, while in TK-derived cells rcCXCb1 stimulated the release of NETs, composed of extracellular DNA co-localized with citrulline H3 histone and neutrophil elastase. Furthermore, CXCb1-induced NET release required NADPH oxidase activity, while it did not change upon treatment with CXCR inhibitors. In conclusion, we demonstrated, for the first time in fish, that CXCb1 chemokine induces formation of NETs in TK-derived neutrophils and this process is ROS-dependent. The difference between HK and TK-derived neutrophils is probably related to differences in the maturation state of these cells.
- CXC chemokines
- Histone H3
- NADPH oxidase
- Neutrophil elastase
- Neutrophil extracellular traps