Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils against human pathogenic bacteria

M. Sokovic, P.D. Marin, D. Brkic, L.J.L.D. van Griensven

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    The chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from 10 aromatic plants Matricaria chamommilla, Mentha piperita, M. spicata, Lavandula angustifolia, Ocimum basilicum, Thymus vulgaris, Origanum vulgare, Salvia officinalis, Citrus limon and C. aurantium have been determined. Antibacterial activity of these oils and their components; i.e. linalyl acetate, linalool, limonene, pinene, ß-pinene, 1,8-cineole, camphor, carvacrol, thymol and menthol were assayed against a variety of human pathogenic bacteria. The highest and broadest activity was shown by Origanum vulgare oil. Carvacrol possessed the highest antifungal activity among the components tested
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)220-226
    JournalFood
    Volume1
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2008

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