Chemical changes and increased degradability of wheat straw and oak wood chips treated with the white rot fungi Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes

Sandra J.A. van Kuijk*, Anton S.M. Sonnenberg, Johan J.P. Baars, Wouter H. Hendriks, José C. del Río, Jorge Rencoret, Ana Gutiérrez, Norbert C.A. de Ruijter, John W. Cone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wheat straw and oak wood chips were incubated with Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes for 8 weeks. Samples from the fungal treated substrates were collected every week for chemical characterization. L. edodes continuously grew during the 8 weeks on both wheat straw and oak wood chips, as determined by the ergosterol mass fraction of the dry biomass. C. subvermispora colonized both substrates during the first week, stopped growing on oak wood chips, and resumed growth after 6 weeks on wheat straw. Detergent fiber analysis and pyrolysis coupled to gas chromatography/mass spectrometry showed a selective lignin degradation in wheat straw, although some carbohydrates were also degraded. L. edodes continuously degraded lignin and hemicelluloses in wheat straw while C. subvermispora degraded lignin and hemicelluloses only during the first 5 weeks of treatment after which cellulose degradation started. Both fungi selectively degraded lignin in wood chips. After 4 weeks of treatment, no significant changes in chemical composition were detected. In contrast to L. edodes, C. subvermispora produced alkylitaconic acids during fungal treatment, which paralleled the degradation and modification of lignin indicating the importance of these compounds in delignification. Light microscopy visualized a dense structure of wood chips which was difficult to penetrate by the fungi, explaining the relative lower lignin degradation compared to wheat straw measured by chemical analysis. All these changes resulted in an increased in in vitro rumen degradability of wheat straw and oak wood chips. In addition, more glucose and xylose were released after enzymatic saccharification of fungal treated wheat straw compared to untreated material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-391
JournalBiomass and Bioenergy
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Alkylitaconic acids
  • Enzymatic saccharification
  • Fungal treatment
  • In vitro rumen degradability
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Selective lignin degradation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Chemical changes and increased degradability of wheat straw and oak wood chips treated with the white rot fungi Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this