Charisma: a spatial explicit simulation model of submerged macrophytes

E.H. van Nes, M. Scheffer, M.S. van den Berg, H. Coops

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An individual-based spatially explicit model ('Charisma') designed to simulate the growth of one or more competing species of submerged macrophytes is presented
An important problem in lake management is the replacement of submerged plant species by competing species with undesirable properties. Although dynamics of rooted aquatic macrophytes have been extensively modeled, competition between different species has hardly been addressed so far. We present an individual-based spatially explicit model ('Charisma') designed to simulate the growth of one or more competing species of submerged macrophytes. The model behavior easily becomes rather complex and puzzling if we study more than one species. This probably reflects the complexity as it really occurs in nature, but poses a challenge for calibrating and understanding the model. To control this complexity, we used a flexible design facilitating the elimination of feedback loops and processes to trace the causes of the complex behavior of the model. The resulting realistic, yet transparent' model appeared useful in many aspects for bridging the existing gap between theory and reality. As an example, we present an analysis of competition between the charophyte Chura aspera Deth. ex Willd. and pondweed Potamogeton pectinatus L. The model suggests that alternative equilibria may arise as a result of two positive feedbacks: the enhancement of transparency by macrophytes and a feedback caused by bicarbonate competition. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V, All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-116
JournalEcological Modelling
Volume159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • aquatic plants
  • biomass
  • lakes
  • models
  • growth
  • plant competition
  • netherlands
  • aquatic ecosystems
  • potamogeton-pectinatus l
  • eutrophic shallow lakes
  • eelgrass zostera-marina
  • aquatic macrophytes
  • ecological models
  • growth limitation
  • inorganic carbon
  • biomass model
  • photosynthesis
  • temperature

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