Charge Efficiency: A Functional Tool to Probe the Double-Layer Structure Inside of Porous Electrodes and Application in the Modeling of Capacitive Deionization

R. Zhao, P.M. Biesheuvel, H. Miedema, H. Bruning, A. van der Wal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

256 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Porous electrodes are important in many physical-chemical processes including capacitive deionization (CDI), a desalination technology where ions are adsorbed from solution into the electrostatic double layers formed at the electrode/solution interface inside of two juxtaposed porous electrodes. A key property of the porous electrode is the charge efficiency of the double layer, ¿, defined as the ratio of equilibrium salt adsorption over electrode charge. We present experimental data for ¿ as a function of voltage and salt concentration and use this data set to characterize the double-layer structure inside of the electrode and determine the effective area for ion adsorption. Accurate experimental assessment of these two crucial properties of the electrode/solution interface enables more structured optimization of electrode materials for desalination purposes. In addition, detailed knowledge of the double-layer structure and effective area gives way to the development of more accurate dynamic process models describing CDI
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • electrical double-layer
  • carbon electrodes
  • aerogel
  • desalination

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