Characterizing Producer Organizations: The case of organic versus conventional vegetables in Uruguay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Producer organizations (POs) are considered important for rural development in developing and transition countries. Scientific studies on POs mostly focus on their impact, but do not distinguish among different types. However, POs are a heterogeneous group. This paper explores the organizational characteristics that distinguish POs in the vegetables sector of Uruguay. In comparing organic and conventional vegetables chains, we have identified five types of POs and we have investigated their distinct organizational characteristics. We found, first, that POs in the organic value chain are responding to market incentives, whereas POs in the conventional value chain are responding to public incentives. Second, contrary to POs with a focus on social and political activities, POs with economic activities are small, they have a product focus, they require member investment, and they have a high formalization status. Third, POs with output-driven objectives have higher levels of horizontal and vertical coordination than POs with value-driven objectives. Our study contributes to the increasing body of literature on the internal and external conditions that explain the diversity of POs in developing and transition countries.

LanguageEnglish
Pages65-75
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Rural Studies
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Uruguay
vegetables
vegetable
incentive
producer
rural development
economic activity
market
value chain
formalization
political activity
co-ordination
public
product

Keywords

  • Organic
  • Organizational characteristics
  • Producer organizations
  • Uruguay
  • Value chains
  • Vegetables

Cite this

@article{bc08b8e722c243b6be56b0d8dd3ee921,
title = "Characterizing Producer Organizations: The case of organic versus conventional vegetables in Uruguay",
abstract = "Producer organizations (POs) are considered important for rural development in developing and transition countries. Scientific studies on POs mostly focus on their impact, but do not distinguish among different types. However, POs are a heterogeneous group. This paper explores the organizational characteristics that distinguish POs in the vegetables sector of Uruguay. In comparing organic and conventional vegetables chains, we have identified five types of POs and we have investigated their distinct organizational characteristics. We found, first, that POs in the organic value chain are responding to market incentives, whereas POs in the conventional value chain are responding to public incentives. Second, contrary to POs with a focus on social and political activities, POs with economic activities are small, they have a product focus, they require member investment, and they have a high formalization status. Third, POs with output-driven objectives have higher levels of horizontal and vertical coordination than POs with value-driven objectives. Our study contributes to the increasing body of literature on the internal and external conditions that explain the diversity of POs in developing and transition countries.",
keywords = "Organic, Organizational characteristics, Producer organizations, Uruguay, Value chains, Vegetables",
author = "{Groot Kormelinck}, Annemarie and Jos Bijman and Jacques Trienekens",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.04.012",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
pages = "65--75",
journal = "Journal of Rural Studies",
issn = "0743-0167",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterizing Producer Organizations: The case of organic versus conventional vegetables in Uruguay

AU - Groot Kormelinck, Annemarie

AU - Bijman, Jos

AU - Trienekens, Jacques

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Producer organizations (POs) are considered important for rural development in developing and transition countries. Scientific studies on POs mostly focus on their impact, but do not distinguish among different types. However, POs are a heterogeneous group. This paper explores the organizational characteristics that distinguish POs in the vegetables sector of Uruguay. In comparing organic and conventional vegetables chains, we have identified five types of POs and we have investigated their distinct organizational characteristics. We found, first, that POs in the organic value chain are responding to market incentives, whereas POs in the conventional value chain are responding to public incentives. Second, contrary to POs with a focus on social and political activities, POs with economic activities are small, they have a product focus, they require member investment, and they have a high formalization status. Third, POs with output-driven objectives have higher levels of horizontal and vertical coordination than POs with value-driven objectives. Our study contributes to the increasing body of literature on the internal and external conditions that explain the diversity of POs in developing and transition countries.

AB - Producer organizations (POs) are considered important for rural development in developing and transition countries. Scientific studies on POs mostly focus on their impact, but do not distinguish among different types. However, POs are a heterogeneous group. This paper explores the organizational characteristics that distinguish POs in the vegetables sector of Uruguay. In comparing organic and conventional vegetables chains, we have identified five types of POs and we have investigated their distinct organizational characteristics. We found, first, that POs in the organic value chain are responding to market incentives, whereas POs in the conventional value chain are responding to public incentives. Second, contrary to POs with a focus on social and political activities, POs with economic activities are small, they have a product focus, they require member investment, and they have a high formalization status. Third, POs with output-driven objectives have higher levels of horizontal and vertical coordination than POs with value-driven objectives. Our study contributes to the increasing body of literature on the internal and external conditions that explain the diversity of POs in developing and transition countries.

KW - Organic

KW - Organizational characteristics

KW - Producer organizations

KW - Uruguay

KW - Value chains

KW - Vegetables

U2 - 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.04.012

DO - 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.04.012

M3 - Article

VL - 69

SP - 65

EP - 75

JO - Journal of Rural Studies

T2 - Journal of Rural Studies

JF - Journal of Rural Studies

SN - 0743-0167

ER -