Characterizing diversity of food systems in view of sustainability transitions. A review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Dominant food systems are configured from the productivist paradigm, which focuses on producing large amounts of inexpensive and standardized foods. Although these food systems continue being supported worldwide, they are no longer considered fit-for-purpose as they have been proven unsustainable in environmental and social terms. A large body of scientific literature argues that a transition from the dominant food systems to alternative ones built around the wider principles of sustainable production and rural development is needed. Promoting such a sustainability transition would benefit from a diagnosis of food system types to identify those systems that may harbor promising characteristics for a transition to sustainable food systems. While research on food system transitions abounds, an operational approach to characterize the diversity of food systems taking a system perspective is still lacking. In this paper we review the literature on how transitions to sustainable food systems may play out and present a framework based on the Multi-Level Perspective on Socio-Technical Transitions, which builds upon conceptual developments from social and natural science disciplines. The objectives of the framework are to (i) characterize the diversity of existing food systems at a certain geographical scale based on a set of structural characteristics and (ii) classify the food systems in terms of their support by mainstream practices, i.e., dominant food systems connected to regimes; deviate radically from them, niche food systems such as those based on grassroots innovation; or share elements of dominant and niche food systems, i.e., hybrid food systems. An example is given of application of our framework to vegetable food systems with a focus on production, distribution, and consumption of low-or-no pesticide vegetables in Chile. Drawing on this illustrative example we reflect on usefulness, shortcomings, and further development and use of the diagnostic framework.

LanguageEnglish
Article number1
Number of pages22
JournalAgronomy for Sustainable Development
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Sustainable development
niches
vegetables
rural development
Chile
pesticides
Vegetables
Natural sciences
Social sciences
Ports and harbors
Pesticides
Hybrid systems
Innovation

Keywords

  • Agricultural innovation systems
  • Agricultural production systems
  • Agroecology
  • Food regime
  • Food system
  • Grassroots movements
  • Sustainability transitions
  • System diagnosis
  • Transformations
  • Value chains

Cite this

@article{b1f6aa22eb844c559a9afc615f12fb75,
title = "Characterizing diversity of food systems in view of sustainability transitions. A review",
abstract = "Dominant food systems are configured from the productivist paradigm, which focuses on producing large amounts of inexpensive and standardized foods. Although these food systems continue being supported worldwide, they are no longer considered fit-for-purpose as they have been proven unsustainable in environmental and social terms. A large body of scientific literature argues that a transition from the dominant food systems to alternative ones built around the wider principles of sustainable production and rural development is needed. Promoting such a sustainability transition would benefit from a diagnosis of food system types to identify those systems that may harbor promising characteristics for a transition to sustainable food systems. While research on food system transitions abounds, an operational approach to characterize the diversity of food systems taking a system perspective is still lacking. In this paper we review the literature on how transitions to sustainable food systems may play out and present a framework based on the Multi-Level Perspective on Socio-Technical Transitions, which builds upon conceptual developments from social and natural science disciplines. The objectives of the framework are to (i) characterize the diversity of existing food systems at a certain geographical scale based on a set of structural characteristics and (ii) classify the food systems in terms of their support by mainstream practices, i.e., dominant food systems connected to regimes; deviate radically from them, niche food systems such as those based on grassroots innovation; or share elements of dominant and niche food systems, i.e., hybrid food systems. An example is given of application of our framework to vegetable food systems with a focus on production, distribution, and consumption of low-or-no pesticide vegetables in Chile. Drawing on this illustrative example we reflect on usefulness, shortcomings, and further development and use of the diagnostic framework.",
keywords = "Agricultural innovation systems, Agricultural production systems, Agroecology, Food regime, Food system, Grassroots movements, Sustainability transitions, System diagnosis, Transformations, Value chains",
author = "Daniel Gait{\'a}n-Cremaschi and Laurens Klerkx and Jessica Duncan and Trienekens, {Jacques H.} and Carlos Huenchuleo and Santiago Dogliotti and Contesse, {Mar{\'i}a E.} and Rossing, {Walter A.H.}",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s13593-018-0550-2",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
journal = "Agronomy for Sustainable Development",
issn = "1774-0746",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "1",

}

Characterizing diversity of food systems in view of sustainability transitions. A review. / Gaitán-Cremaschi, Daniel; Klerkx, Laurens; Duncan, Jessica; Trienekens, Jacques H.; Huenchuleo, Carlos; Dogliotti, Santiago; Contesse, María E.; Rossing, Walter A.H.

In: Agronomy for Sustainable Development, Vol. 39, No. 1, 1, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterizing diversity of food systems in view of sustainability transitions. A review

AU - Gaitán-Cremaschi, Daniel

AU - Klerkx, Laurens

AU - Duncan, Jessica

AU - Trienekens, Jacques H.

AU - Huenchuleo, Carlos

AU - Dogliotti, Santiago

AU - Contesse, María E.

AU - Rossing, Walter A.H.

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Dominant food systems are configured from the productivist paradigm, which focuses on producing large amounts of inexpensive and standardized foods. Although these food systems continue being supported worldwide, they are no longer considered fit-for-purpose as they have been proven unsustainable in environmental and social terms. A large body of scientific literature argues that a transition from the dominant food systems to alternative ones built around the wider principles of sustainable production and rural development is needed. Promoting such a sustainability transition would benefit from a diagnosis of food system types to identify those systems that may harbor promising characteristics for a transition to sustainable food systems. While research on food system transitions abounds, an operational approach to characterize the diversity of food systems taking a system perspective is still lacking. In this paper we review the literature on how transitions to sustainable food systems may play out and present a framework based on the Multi-Level Perspective on Socio-Technical Transitions, which builds upon conceptual developments from social and natural science disciplines. The objectives of the framework are to (i) characterize the diversity of existing food systems at a certain geographical scale based on a set of structural characteristics and (ii) classify the food systems in terms of their support by mainstream practices, i.e., dominant food systems connected to regimes; deviate radically from them, niche food systems such as those based on grassroots innovation; or share elements of dominant and niche food systems, i.e., hybrid food systems. An example is given of application of our framework to vegetable food systems with a focus on production, distribution, and consumption of low-or-no pesticide vegetables in Chile. Drawing on this illustrative example we reflect on usefulness, shortcomings, and further development and use of the diagnostic framework.

AB - Dominant food systems are configured from the productivist paradigm, which focuses on producing large amounts of inexpensive and standardized foods. Although these food systems continue being supported worldwide, they are no longer considered fit-for-purpose as they have been proven unsustainable in environmental and social terms. A large body of scientific literature argues that a transition from the dominant food systems to alternative ones built around the wider principles of sustainable production and rural development is needed. Promoting such a sustainability transition would benefit from a diagnosis of food system types to identify those systems that may harbor promising characteristics for a transition to sustainable food systems. While research on food system transitions abounds, an operational approach to characterize the diversity of food systems taking a system perspective is still lacking. In this paper we review the literature on how transitions to sustainable food systems may play out and present a framework based on the Multi-Level Perspective on Socio-Technical Transitions, which builds upon conceptual developments from social and natural science disciplines. The objectives of the framework are to (i) characterize the diversity of existing food systems at a certain geographical scale based on a set of structural characteristics and (ii) classify the food systems in terms of their support by mainstream practices, i.e., dominant food systems connected to regimes; deviate radically from them, niche food systems such as those based on grassroots innovation; or share elements of dominant and niche food systems, i.e., hybrid food systems. An example is given of application of our framework to vegetable food systems with a focus on production, distribution, and consumption of low-or-no pesticide vegetables in Chile. Drawing on this illustrative example we reflect on usefulness, shortcomings, and further development and use of the diagnostic framework.

KW - Agricultural innovation systems

KW - Agricultural production systems

KW - Agroecology

KW - Food regime

KW - Food system

KW - Grassroots movements

KW - Sustainability transitions

KW - System diagnosis

KW - Transformations

KW - Value chains

U2 - 10.1007/s13593-018-0550-2

DO - 10.1007/s13593-018-0550-2

M3 - Review article

VL - 39

JO - Agronomy for Sustainable Development

T2 - Agronomy for Sustainable Development

JF - Agronomy for Sustainable Development

SN - 1774-0746

IS - 1

M1 - 1

ER -