In prion disease, the abnormal conformer of the cellular prion protein, PrPSc, deposits in fibrillar protein aggregates in brain and other organs. Limited exposure of PrPSc to proteolytic digestion in vitro generates a core fragment of 19-21 kDa, named PrP27-30, which is also found in vivo. Recent evidence indicates that abnormal truncated fragments other than PrP27-30 may form in prion disease either in vivo or in vitro. We characterized a novel protease-resistant PrP fragment migrating 2-3 kDa faster than PrP27-30 in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) brains. The fragment has a size of about 18.5 kDa when associated with PrP27-30 type 1 (21 kDa) and of 17 kDa when associated with type 2 (19 kDa). Molecular mass and epitope mapping showed that the two fragments share the primary N-terminal sequence with PrP27-30 types 1 and 2, respectively, but lack a few amino acids at the very end of C terminus together with the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor. The amounts of the 18.5- or 17-kDa fragments and the previously described 13-kDa PrPSc C-terminal fragment relatively to the PrP27-30 signal significantly differed among CJD subtypes. Furthermore, protease digestion of PrPSc or PrP27-30 in partially denaturing conditions generated an additional truncated fragment of about 16 kDa only in typical sporadic CJD (i.e. MM1). These results show that the physicochemical heterogeneity of PrPSc in CJD extends to abnormal truncated forms of the protein. The findings support the notion of distinct structural conformers of PrPSc and indicate that the characterization of truncated PrPSc forms may further improve molecular typing in CJD.
- scrapie prion
- phenotypic variability
Notari, S., Strammiello, R., Capellari, S., Giese, A., Cescatti, M., Grassi, J., ... Parchi, P. (2008). Characterization of Truncated Forms of Abnormal Prion Protein in Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283(45), 30557-30565. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M801877200