Characterization of the microbial community involved in the suppression of Pythium aphanidermatum in cucumber grown on rockwool

J. Postma, B.P.J. Geraats, R. Pastoor, J.D. van Elsas

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    56 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The root pathogen Pythium aphanidermatum induced lower levels of disease in cucumber (Cucumis sativus) plants on unsterilized, re-used rockwool slabs than on heat-sterilized, re-used rockwool. Several recolonization treatments of the sterilized rockwool enhanced the suppressiveness of the rockwool. Microbial community structures in the different rockwool treatments were investigated by plate counts on selective media. Disease suppressiveness in the different rockwool treatments showed the highest correlation with the culturable number of filamentous actinomycetes in both experiments (r = 0.79 and 0.94), whereas the numbers of Trichoderma spp. correlated with suppression only in the first experiment (0.86). The numbers of total culturable bacteria, fluorescent pseudomonads, Bacillus spores, and fungi all showed lower correlations with disease suppressiveness. The filamentous actinomycetes enumerated with the plate counts were mainly Streptomyces spp., of which 10% were antagonistic toward P. aphanidermatum in dual culture. The composition of the bacterial and actinomycete populations was studied with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Multivariate analyses of these patterns with canonical correspondence analysis showed significant correlations between the microbial composition and the disease suppressiveness. However, none of the bands in PCR-DGGE patterns occurred exclusively in the treatments that had enhanced disease suppressiveness. Bands extracted from the actinomycete-specific DGGE gels showed closest similarity with members of several actinomycete genera, i.e., Streptomyces, Mycobacterium, Microbacterium, Rhodococcus, Curtobacterium, and Tsukamurella. The possible mechanism of disease suppressiveness in used rockwool slabs, based on the results obtained with culture-dependent and culture-independent detection methods, is discussed. Additional keywords: community profiling, root and crown rot
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)808-818
    JournalPhytopathology
    Volume95
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • gradient gel-electrophoresis
    • 16s ribosomal-rna
    • biological-control
    • root-rot
    • rhizoctonia-solani
    • pcr-dgge
    • soil
    • rhizobacteria
    • regimes
    • plants

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