Characterization of the innate and adaptive immunity to Salmonella enteritidis PT1 infection in four broiler lines

J. Kramer, A.H. Visscher, J.A. Wagenaar, A.G. Boonstra Blom, S.H. Jeurissen

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    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Four broiler lines were inoculated orally with Salmonella enteritidis phage type 1 at the age of 7 days (experiment A: lines 1 and 2) and at the age of 1 day (experiment B: lines 3 and 4). At various days post-infection chickens were sacrificed and the number of Salmonella in the caeca, liver, and spleen were determined. Furthermore, phagocytic activity, cellular immune responses, and humoral responses were determined using, respectively, single-cell suspensions of spleen or intestine and serum. In both experiments, similar trends were seen. Increased numbers of S. enteritidis were found in the caeca of lines 1 and 3, whereas at the same time a decreased colonization was found in the spleen and in the liver, as compared to lines 2 and 4. In the latter two lines, the phagocytic activity of the phagocytes was higher and the humoral responses were lower. Observations from this study suggest that lower activity of phagocytes and higher humoral activity prevent systemic S. enteritidis infection. Copyright
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)219-233
    JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
    Volume79
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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