Characterization of novel components of the baculovirus per os infectivity factor complex

K. Peng, J.W.M. van Lent, J.A. Boeren, M. Fang, D.A. Theilmann, M. Erlandson, J.M. Vlak, M.M. van Oers

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65 Citations (Scopus)


Baculovirus occlusion-derived virus (ODV) infects insect midgut cells under alkaline conditions, a process mediated by highly conserved per os infectivity factors (PIFs), P74 (PIF0), PIF1, PIF2, PIF3, PIF4, and PIF5 (ODV-E56). Previously, a multimolecular complex composed of PIF1, PIF2, PIF3, and P74 was identified which was proposed to play an essential role during ODV entry. Recently, more proteins have been identified that play important roles in ODV oral infectivity, including PIF4, PIF5, and SF58, which might work in concert with previously known PIFs to facilitate ODV infection. In order to understand the ODV entry mechanism, the identification of all components of the PIF complex is crucial. Hence, the aim of this study was to identify additional components of the PIF complex. Coimmunoprecipitation (CoIP) combined with proteomic analysis was used to identify the components of the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) PIF complex. PIF4 and P95 (AC83) were identified as components of the PIF complex while PIF5 was not, and this was confirmed with blue native PAGE and a second CoIP. Deletion of the pif4 gene impaired complex formation, but deletion of pif5 did not. Differentially denaturing SDS-PAGE further revealed that PIF4 forms a stable complex with PIF1, PIF2, and PIF3. P95 and P74 are more loosely associated with this complex. Three other proteins, AC5, AC68, and AC108 (homologue of SF58), were also found by the proteomic analysis to be associated with the PIF complex. Finally the functional significance of the PIF protein interactions is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4981-4988
JournalJournal of Virology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • occlusion-derived virus
  • autographa-californica nucleopolyhedrovirus
  • nuclear polyhedrosis-virus
  • heliothis-virescens larvae
  • oral infectivity
  • escherichia-coli
  • envelope protein
  • budded virus
  • in-vivo
  • gene


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