Characterization of low-molecular-weight-glutenin subunit genes from the D-genome of Triticum aestivum, Aegilops crassa, Ae. cylindrica and Ae. tauschii

M.R. Naghavi, S. Ahmadi, A.A. Shanejat-Boushehri, G. Komaei, P.C. Struik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Twenty low-molecular-weight-glutenin subunit (LMW-GS) gene sequences from the D-genome from Aegilops crassa (2n ¼ 4x ¼ 28), Ae. cylindrica (2n ¼ 4x ¼ 28), Ae. tauschii (2n ¼ 2x ¼ 14) and Triticum aestivum (2n ¼ 6x ¼ 42) were obtained using five sets of specific allele primer pairs. Only the sequences of the first primer pair were complete coding sequences (cds) of LMW-GS, and had 305, 304, 306 and 305 LMW-m amino acid residues in Ae. crassa, Ae. cylindrica, Ae. tauschii and T. aestivum, respectively. The repetitive domain and repeat motif numbers of all LMW glutenin subunits showed eight conserved cysteine residues that lead to the same functional activity in different genome. Based on DNA and predicted protein sequences, phylogenetic trees for all sets of sequences were drawn. At the DNA level, the species closest to T. aestivum for the second, third, fourth and fifth set of sequences were Ae. cylindrica, Ae. tauschii and Ae. crassa, respectively. At the protein level, the species closest to T. aestivum based on the first, second and fifth set of sequences were Ae. cylindrica, Ae. crassa and Ae. crassa, respectively. For other sets of sequences, bread wheat proved to be a distinct species. The LMW-GS gene sequences have been recorded in the GenBank with accession numbers JQ726549–JQ726568.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-29
JournalBiochemical Systematics and Ecology
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • endosperm storage proteins
  • group-1 chromosomes
  • wheat endosperm
  • hexaploid wheat
  • common wheat
  • cloning
  • pcr
  • electrophoresis
  • identification
  • polymorphism

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