Characterization and anaerobic biodegradability of grey water

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Abstract

Grey water consists of the discharges from kitchen sinks, showers, baths, washing machines and hand basins. Thorough characterization of 192 time proportional samples of grey water from 32 houses was conducted over a period of 14 months. COD concentrations were 724 ± 150 mg L- 1, of which 34% was present as suspended COD, 25% as colloidal COD and 38% as soluble COD. The maximum anaerobic biodegradability of grey water of 70 ± 5% indicates the possibility of recovering the COD as methane. However, the low hydrolysis constant makes the application of anaerobic treatment unsuitable. Surfactants accounted for 15% of the total COD. The concentrations of anionic, cationic and noninonic surfactants were 41.1 ± 12.1 mg L- 1, 1.7 ± 0.8 mg L- 1 and 11.3 ± 3.9 mg L- 1, respectively. Of the trace elements which were measured were present below limits suggested for irrigation. Only boron (0.53 ± 0.19 mg L- 1) in a few measurements exceeded the 0.75 mg L- 1 limit established for long term irrigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-115
JournalDesalination
Volume270
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • greywater treatment
  • treatment systems
  • surfactants
  • toxicity
  • boron
  • experiences
  • irrigation
  • quality
  • reactor
  • sludge

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